When you’re in Rome having a Vino con Vista at one of my favorite rooftop bars, you can flaunt your knowledge of Roman history.
Here’s a tip for remembering the names of the first five Roman Emperors after Julius Caesar was assassinated in 44 B.C. Remember the phrase “Another Tom cat caught napping”. The emperors are Augustus (27 B.C.–AD 14), Tiberius (14-37), Caligula (37-41), Claudius (41-54) and Nero (54-68).
Emperor Nero blamed the burning of Rome on Christian terrorists. In 64, most of Rome was destroyed in the Great Fire of Rome, which many Romans believed Nero himself had started in order to clear land for his planned palatial complex, the Domus Aurea. Nero ordered the execution of the apostles Peter and Paul during his reign.
Roman Emperors Family Tree (Augustus Caesar to Justinian the Great)
San Giovanni in Laterano, St. Peter’s Basilica and San Lorenzo fuori le Mura were all built during Constantine’s reign. Talent and leadership abandoned the newly divided empire and successive waves of Barbarians invaded Rome including the Visigoths, Vandals and the Ostrogoths.
By 800 AD, Emperor Charlemagne asserted papal authority and launched another power struggle between the Church and imperial authority. By 1309, the pope moved to the safety of Avignon. The papacy’s supremacy returned to Rome in 1377. In the 1500’s, a glorious rebirth of Rome flourished when the popes invited the most talented architects, painters and sculptors to rebuild Rome’s grandeur during the Renaissance.
Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Travel Guides and