The Vatican Museums are among the greatest museums in the world. Pope Julius II founded the museums in the early 16th century that include the Sistine Chapel and the Stanze della Segnatura decorated by Raphael.
The Pinacoteca Vaticana is the art gallery that was housed in the Borgia Apartment, until Pope Pius XI ordered construction of a new building. Some of my favorites are: Filippo Lippi‘s Marsuppini Coronation, Giotto‘s Stefaneschi Triptych, Raphael’s Madonna of Foligno, Oddi Altarpiece and Transfiguration, Leonardo da Vinci‘s St. Jerome in the Wilderness and Caravaggio‘s Entombment.
The Marsuppini Coronation is a painting of the Coronation of the Virgin by the Italian Renaissance painter Filippo Lippi from 1444. The panel is divided into three sections. The scene depicts the coronation of Mary as she is kneels at the feet of Christ.
Giotto, “The Stefaneschi Altarpiece” In 1320, Giotto finished the Stefaneschi Triptych for Cardinal Giacomo Gaetano Stefaneschi.
Leonardo da Vinci’s, “Saint Jerome in the Wilderness” shows Saint Jerome during his retreat to the Syrian desert where he lived the life of a hermit. In Jerome’s right hand he “holds a rock with which he is traditionally shown beating his chest in penance.” At his feet is jis friend the lion. The lion is his loyal companion because he extracted a thorn from its paw. “The lion, the stone and a cardinal’s hat are the traditional attributes of Saint Jerome.”.
Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino ( 1483 – 1520) was called Raphael. He was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance. Together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, he forms the trinity of great masters of that period.
Raphael’s Oddi Altarpiece, “Crowning of the Virgin”, Transfiguration and “The Foligno Madonna” are some of my favorites in the Pinocoteca Vaticana.
Caravaggio’s Entombment is called “The Deposition. ” It shows Christ’s hand brushing against the tombstone.
Saint John the Evangelist and Nicodemus, the Pharisee and doctor of law, struggle to support his body.
The Virgin Mary and Mary Magdalene are bent toward Jesus.This painting was originally commissioned for a church in Rome but it was moved here when it was returned from France.
|Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Travel Guides at www.vino-con-vista.com|
- How to Decipher the Eternal City of Rome (vinoconvistablog.me)