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Taste of Chicago 2017

Taste of Randolf Street in Chicago

Taste of Chicago

English: Taste of Chicago

Since I live in Chicago, I always go to the annual Taste of Chicago in Grant Park. I have been doing this for too many years to mention. When my sons were babies, I brought them to the Taste of Chicago in their double stroller. Now that my older son is married, he can walk to the Taste of Chicago with his new wife.

 

WHEN: The Legendary Taste is held from July 5-9, 2017 in Grant Park

 

Check out the FOOD TRUCKS


American Glory **NEW**

Auntie Vee’s

Aztec Dave’s Food Truck **NEW**

Beavers Coffee + Donuts

Bop Bar Truck **NEW**

Bruges Brothers

The Cajun Connoisseur **NEW**

Cheesie’s Pub and Grub **NEW**

Da Lobsta

El Patron **NEW**

The Fat Shallot

Giordano’s

Harold’s Chicken

The Lifeway Kefir Shop

Incredible food and top-notch musical talents combine at the annual Taste of Chicago. With 5 days to fill up on both, plan ahead by checking out the restaurant menus and concert schedules.

Taste of Chicago is free and open to the public. Headlining performances at the Petrillo Music Shell are free admission for lawn seats. General seating tickets are $22 and for premium views right in front of the stage, ticketed pavilion seats are available $50 online.

 

SUNDAY, JULY 9, 2017 – GRANT PARK


Petrillo Music Shell Lineup

4:30 pm concert start  

Maurice Jackson’s Independents
The O’Jays

Headlining Performers

With chart topping hits including “Love Train,” “Used To Be My Girl,” “Brandy” and “For The Love of Money,” The O’Jays connect with an era and a sound that provided the soundtrack for generations of R&B and soul fans. Inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 2005, The O’Jays are still hitting the road with the same electrifying energy they’ve had for more than 50 years.

Maurice Jackson’s Independents will tap into the singer-songwriter’s career of recorded music as both a solo artist and as a member of the groups The Independents and Silk during the 70s and early 80s. The Independents, formed in the early 70s, released 8 singles, each of which rose on the billboard R&B charts. Their record “Leaving me” was a number one R&B hit.

 


Bud Light Stage Lineup

Cornucopia of Music!

11:00 am Laura Doherty & The Heartbeats (Kids Music)
12:00 pm Tovi Khali (Blues/Funk)
  1:20 pm Aleph Beatz (Afropop/Dance music)
  2:40 pm Shuba (Pop/R&B) ChicagoMade A&R Winner
  4:00 pm The Rad Trads (Jazzy/Rockin’ Soul)
  5:20 pm Linsey Alexander (Blues)
  6:40 pm The Waco Brothers (Alt Country)

SATURDAY, JULY 8, 2017 – GRANT PARK


Petrillo Music Shell Lineup

4:30 pm concert start

The Kickback
Passion Pit

Headlining Performers

Passion Pit is an American indie electronica band from Cambridge, Massachusetts, formed in 2007. The band consists solely of Michael Angelakoson on lead vocals and keyboards, joined live by Chris Hartz on drums, Aaron Harrison Folb on bass and synthesizers, Giuliano Pizzulo on guitar and synthesizers and Ray Suen on guitar and synthesizers. Recent releases include Kindred with the hit single “Lifted Up (1985)” and a 2016 Christmas Album featuring the single “Stained Glass Windows” from Merry Christmas, Mr. Fields.

The Kickback immediately enters the front ranks of contemporary rock-n-roll with the 2017 release of Weddings & Funerals from Jullian Records. The album is a furious, exhilarating and deeply emotional collection from the Chicago based band with lead singer Billy Yost, guitarist Jonny Ifergan, and bassist Daniel Leu. In 2016, the band performed at Taste of Chicago on the Bud Light Stage.

 


Bud Light Stage Lineup

Rock the Taste!

 11:00 am Steve Ramone & The Pensioners
12:00 pm Blood Red Boots
 1:20 pm Ocean Over Airplanes
 2:40 pm Aeraco
 4:00 pm The Gold Web
 5:20 pm Bailiff
 6:40 pm Split Single

FRIDAY, JULY 7, 2017 – GRANT PARK


Petrillo Music Shell Lineup

5:30 pm concert start  

Ben Harper & The Innocent Criminals
Twin Peaks

Headlining Performers

Ben Harper & The Innocent Criminals came together in 1999 to record the album Born to Shine which showcased Harper’s rock side, and he turns to the group whenever he wants to underscore his funky, fuzz-guitar talents. They have played together off and on over the years and in 2016 they collaborated once again on Call It What It Is. Ben Harper is a three-time GRAMMY® Award winner and is known for his skills on the guitar, along with vocals and live performances and his eclectic mix of blues, folk, soul, reggae and rock.

Opening the show is Chicago-based Twin Peaks. As their fans know well, these dudes like to rock and most certainly love to roll. Band members include Cadien Lake James (vocals, guitar), Clay Frankel (vocals, guitar), Jack Dolan (vocals, bass), Colin Croom (keys, vocals, guitar) and Connor Brodner (drums).

 


Bud Light Stage Lineup

Folk and Country Day

12:00 pm Michael Riser Band
1:20 pm Clique James ChicagoMade A&R Winner
 2:40 pm Swingabilly Slim
 4:00 pm Jonas Friddle & The Majority
 5:20 pm The Railway Gamblers
   6:40 pm Jeff Givens & The Mugshot Saints

Incredible food and top-notch musical talents combine at the annual Taste of Chicago. With 5 days to fill up on both, plan ahead by checking out the restaurant menus and concert schedules.

Taste of Chicago is free and open to the public. Headlining performances at the Petrillo Music Shell are free admission for lawn seats. General seating tickets are $22 and for premium views right in front of the stage, ticketed pavilion seats are available $50 online.

 

THURSDAY, JULY 6, 2017 – GRANT PARK


Petrillo Music Shell Lineup

5:30 pm concert start  

¡Esso! Afrojam Funkbeat with Los Vicios de Papá
Café Tacvba

Headlining Performers

 

Café Tacvba, is widely recognized as Mexico’s leading alternative rock band and one of the most influential alternative groups to come out of Latin America. With a blend of rock, indigenous folk, electronic and punk music, their album Re was named the “Number One Latin Rock Album of All Time” in 2013 by Rolling Stone. Even after 25 years of music together, the multiple GRAMMY® Award-winning group continues to expand its already massive audience of devoted fans throughout the Americas, Europe and beyond.

¡Esso! Afrojam Funkbeat with Los Vicios de Papá opens the show at 5 p.m. After performing on the Bud Light stage at last year’s Taste of Chicago, ¡Esso! Afrojam Funkbeat will now bring their roots- rock-inspired dance music to the Petrillo stage. Los Vicios de Papá is a high energy Latin ska fusion band with an intoxicating mix of Cumbia, dancehall, Huapachon, hip hop, reggae and ska that will send fans into a dance frenzy. Los Vicios de Papá will also perform at the Bud Light Stage earlier in the day at noon.

 


Bud Light Stage Lineup

Latin Music Day

12:00 pm Los Vicios de Papá
 1:20 pm Vivian Garcia
 2:40 pm The Luna Blues Machine
 4:00 pm Mariachi Monumental
  5:20 pm Contrabanda Live
 6:40 pm Afinca’o

WEDNESDAY, JULY 5, 2017 – GRANT PARK


Petrillo Music Shell Lineup

5:30 pm concert start  

Eryn Allen Kane
Alessia Cara

Headlining Performers

Multi-platinum singer-songwriter Alessia Cara has been topping charts and swaying hearts since her 2015 hit single “Here” debuted to critical acclaim, showcasing her song-writing skills as well as her larger than life voice. In 2016, “Scars to Your Beautiful” reached the top ten on the Billboard Hot 100 and hit #1 on the US pop radio charts. Cara’s single “How Far I’ll Go”, written by Lin-Manuel Miranda for the Disney film Moana, has been a runaway hit since its release. Her latest single “Stay” featuring a collaboration with producer and DJ, Zedd, is the summer jam of 2017.

Chicago-based songstress Eryn Allen Kane will open the evening with an electrifying performance. In November 2015, the budding superstar released her solo debut Aviary: Act I. The stunning 4-track effort featured both of Eryn’s breakout singles “Have Mercy” and “Slipping,” as well as new fan favorite “Piano Song” (featured on BET’s Being Mary Jane) which catapulted to #5 on Spotify’s “Global Top 50 Charts.” “How Many Times,” the hit single from her 2016 Aviary: Act II EP is a testament of her momentum as a star on the rise.

 


Bud Light Stage Lineup

R&B/Hip Hop Day

12:00 pm Dej Monae
1:20 pm Maurice Jackson’s Independents
2:40 pm ShowYouSuck
4:00 pm Pinqy Ring
  5:20 pm The Boy Illinois ChicagoMade A&R Winner
6:40 pm Justin Ruff ChicagoMade A&R Winner

 

 

Beavers Coffee + Donuts

S. Columbus – Wed, Th, Sat; E. Jackson – Fri, Sun

    • Mini Donuts (9)
      (Flavors: Cinnamon, Powdered Sugar, Chocolate, S’mores, Strawberry Bella, Turtle)
  • Mini Donuts (15)

(Flavors: Cinnamon, Powdered Sugar, Chocolate, S’mores, Strawberry Bella, Turtle)

  • Mini Donuts (35)

(Flavors: Cinnamon, Powdered Sugar, Chocolate)Taste of:

    • Mini S’mores Donuts (4)
    • Mini Strawberry Bella Donuts (4)

Bruges Brothers (New)

S. Columbus – Wed, Th, Fri, Sat, Sun

  • Papas Bravas
  • Braised Oxtail Poutine
  • Duck Fat Frites and Sauce

Taste of:

  • Papas Bravas
  • Duck Fat Frites

Chicago Cupcake

E. Jackson – Wed, Th, Sat; S. Columbus – Fri, Sun

  • Créme Brulee Cupcake
  • Birthday Cake Cupcake
  • Chocolate Cupcake
  • Salted Caramel Cupcake

Taste of:

  • Créme Brulee Mini Cupcake
  • Birthday Cake Mini Cupcake

Chicago Lunchbox

E. Jackson – Wed, Th, Fri, Sat, Sun

  • Vietnamese Pork Tacos
  • Korean Beef Tacos

Taste of:

  • Vietnamese Pork Mini Taco
  • Firecracker Rangoons

Gino’s Steaks Truck

E. Jackson – Wed, Sun; S. Columbus – Th, Fri, Sat

  • Steak & Cheese Sandwich
  • Chicken & Cheese Sandwich
  • Vegetable & Cheese Sandwich

Taste of:

  • Steak & Cheese Sandwich Mini
  • Chicken & Cheese Sandwich Mini

Giordano’s

E. Jackson – Wed, Th, Sat; S. Columbus – Fri, Sun

  • 6″ Stuffed Cheese Pizza
  • 6″ Stuffed Pepperoni Pizza
  • 6″ Stuffed Sausage Pizza

Taste of:

  • Slice of Stuffed Cheese Pizza
  • Slice of Stuffed Pepperoni Pizza

Harold’s Chicken

S. Columbus – Wed, Th, Fri; E. Jackson – Sat, Sun

  • Wings (3) w/ Sauce
  • Fries
  • Okra

Taste of:

  • Wing (1) w/ Sauce
  • Wing (1) w/ Okra

Jack’s Fork in the Road (New)

S. Columbus – Wed, Sun; E. Jackson – Th, Fri

  • Roast Pork Tenderloin Sandwich w/ Fig Jam, Prosciutto, and Apple Slaw
  • Buffalo Chicken Sandwich w/ Blue Cheese Slaw, Onion Rings, and Truckmade Fire Sauce
  • Fries w/ Sriracha Mayo

Taste of:

  • Roast Pork Tenderloin Slider
  • Buffalo Chicken Slider

Jerk. Modern Jamaican Grill

S. Columbus – Wed, Th, Fri, Sat, Sun

  • Jerk Fries
  • Festival (Cornbread)
  • Jerk Chicken

Taste of:

  • Jerk Fries
  • Festival (Cornbread)

La Cocinita (New)

E. Jackson – Wed, Th, Fri; S. Columbus – Sun

  • Pork Patacon (Crispy Plantain “Sandwich” w/ Pulled Pork, Queso Fresco & Spicy Guava Sauce)
  • Chicken Tacos w/ Cheese & Chipotle Crema
  • Black Bean & Cheese Arepa w/ Venezuelan Guacamole

Taste of:

  • Pork Pataconcito (mini, open-faced)
  • Chicken Taco w/ Cheese & Chipotle Crema

Little Tittle’s Cupcakes

S. Columbus – Wed, Th, Sat; E. Jackson – Fri, Sun

  • Red Velvet Cupcake
  • Turtle Cupcake
  • Lemon ZestCupcake
  • Butter Cookies (5)

Taste of:

  • Red Velvet Cupcake Mini
  • Butter Cookies (2)

Starfruit Café

E. Jackson – Wed, Th, Sat; S. Columbus – Fri, Sun

  • Original Frozen Kefir w/ Fresh Blueberries
  • Mango Frozen Kefir w/ Granola

Taste of:

  • Original Frozen Kefir
  • Mango Frozen Kefir

The Crave Bar (New)

S. Columbus – Wed, Th, Sat

  • Handcrafted Pretzel Ice Cream Bar (Flavors: Dark Chocolate Decadence, Milk Chocolate Madness, Salted Caramel-licious, or Peanut Butter Bash)

Taste of:

  • Handcrafted Pretzel Ice Cream Bite (Flavors: Dark Chocolate Decadence or Milk Chocolate Madness)

The Fat Shallot

S. Columbus – Fri, Sat, Sun

  • Grilled Cheese w/ Muenster Cheese, Caramelized Onions, & Salted Spinach on Rustic Sourdough
  • Truffle Fries (House Fries Topped w/ Truffle Aioli)
  • Spicy Sesame Fries (House Fries Topped w/ Spicy Sesame Aioli)

Taste of:

  • Grilled Cheese w/ Muenster Cheese, Caramelized Onions, & Salted Spinach on Rustic Sourdough
  • Truffle Fries (House Fries Topped w/ Truffle Aioli)

Yum Dum (New)

S. Columbus – Wed, Th; E. Jackson – Fri, Sat, Sun

  • Baowiches (2) (Pork Belly, Korean Chili Chicken, Crispy Shrimp, or Crispy Fish)
  • Steamed Dumplings (8) (Pork & Chive, Thai Chicken Basil, or Veggie)
  • Kimchessy Rice Balls (4)

Taste of:

  • Mini Boawich (1)
  • Kimcheesy Rice Balls (2)

 

For more information visit www.tasteofchicago.us

Check out the Pop-Up Restaurants:

In addition to the rows and rows of restaurant vendors setting up daily for the 5-day festival, you’ll find a lineup of Pop-Up Restaurants that mix up the offerings. Go on a culinary adventure to India or Belize, snack on cream puffs or donuts, or fill up on favorites like tacos or fried chicken.

Each Pop-Up is at the Taste of Chicago for only one or two days so get to them while you can!

 

Here are some of the POP-UP RESTAURANTS

 


Brightwok Kitchen – 21 E. Adams  **NEW**

 

Broken English – 75 E. Lake St.  **NEW**

Dinky Donuts, Inc. – Located at Markets throughout Chicago

Garifuna Flava: A Taste of Belize – 2518 W. 63rd St.

Hakka Bakka Indian Kati Rolls – 1251 W. Fullerton Ave.  **NEW**

 

 

Pop-Up Restaurants

 

 

 

 

 

Grant Park was named after  Ulysses S. Grant,  the United States President and Civil War General.

 

 

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Buon Natale and Christmas: Holiday Events in Friuli Venezia-Giulia Italy

A view of the archaeological area of Aquileia.
Image via Wikipedia

Friuli Venezia-Giulia is a northeastern region of Italy that borders Austria, Slovenia and the Adriatic Sea. Slavic, German and Mediterranean influences and traditions converge in this region.

Provinces of Friuli–Venezia Giulia

Provinces of Friuli–Venezia Giulia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This area has the pristine alpine regions of the Carnia and Julian Alps. The regional capital is Trieste. The Civic Museum of the Sea in Trieste displays the history of navigation.

Location of region xy (see filename) in Italy.

Location of region xy (see filename) in Italy. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The ancient Romans left remarkable traces in Aquileia. The Romanesque-Gothic Patriarchal Basilica of Aquileia and the Archaeological Area became a UNESCO inscribed World Heritage Site in 1998. Destroyed by Attila in the mid 5th century, Aquileia was a Roman river port and one of the largest and wealthiest cities of the Early Roman Empire.  Surrounded by ruins, visit the Roman villas, baths and temples. Most of the site is intact and has not been excavated.

Foro romano di Aquileia

Foro romano di Aquileia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Patriarchal Basilican Complex is a fascinating archeological site with splendid mosaics that represent the secret language of Christianity.  This town played an important role in the spread of Christianity into Central Europe in the early Middle Ages.

The nearby seaside resort town of Grado is a great “Vino con Vista” destination. Order a glass of  Sauvignon, Riesling or Tocai to enjoy with your San Daniele prosciutto and Montasio cheese in the center of the old town. Then consider some Romandolo sweet white dessert wine with your strudel. Visit the 4th century Duomo of Santa Maria delle Grazie with beautiful 6th century mosaics and the Basilica di Sant’ Eufemia.

The praises of the Aquileia vineyards have been sung since the Roman Empire.  They are currently dominated by red Merlot and white Tocai grapes. The Ramandolo appellation has been granted the prized DOCG designation for the honey colored dessert wine; the pinnacle of the quality guidelines for wine production.

This region of Italy has eight Wine Trails. The scenic Collio Goriziano Trail in Giulia starts in Gorizia and covers the vineyards of Cormons and Dolegna del Collio.

Trieste, Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italia

Image via Wikipedia

Holiday Events in Friuli Venezia-Giulia

There are some distinctive traditional holiday events in this chilly region where “Baby it’s Cold Out There” http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dYFMVfAbbgU&feature=related.

“Il Pignarul” is held in Tracento, near Udine on January 6th. After a pageant with participants dressed in thirteenth-century costume,  they re-create the Three Wise Men‘s encounter with the Baby Jesus. At the end of the ceremony that ends at Castello Goia, an enormous bonfire called “Pignarul” ensues. The direction that the smoke travels signifies whether the harvest for the next season will be  abundant. Many “Pignarul” festivities are held in Friuli.

“Krampus Festivities” are held in many towns in the Carnia Valley with elaborate masks that portray the 12 faces of evil. Krampus is St. Nick’stwo-horned furry alter-ego.

Many towns on the Austrian and Slovenian border celebrate the arrival of “San Nicolo” with charming festivities.

In Aquileia d’Inverno visit the “Mercatino Natalizio”

In Udine attend “Festa di Santa Lucia” in Borgo S. Lazzaro on via L. Moro

In Grado a “Concerto della Banda” will be held in the Auditorium Biagio on December 23rd and “Messa di Mezzanote” at the Basilica of Sant’Eufemia on December 24th. Attend Festa dell “Sfrisete” on Via Tasso on December 27th.

Epiphany Festivals:

In Cividale there is a Historical Epiphany Pagent and Parade on January 6th

In Gremona “Messa del Tallero” is a Medieval Event held on January 6th with a historical parade of knights and damsels who accompany the Mayor to the Duomo. Attend the traditional “Dollar Mass” at the church when the Mayor gives a dollar minted in 1780 under the reign of Maria Teresa of Austria as part of the ceremony.

In Paularo “La Femenate Bonfire” is held on January 6th.

In Chiusaforte (UD) attend “Arriviano i Re Magi” on January 6th at Lungo le vie del Paese.

In San Giovgio di Nogaro (UD) attend “Le Befana vien dal Fiume” at Presso il Centro Canoa di Villanova on January 5th.

In Tarcento attend the Bonfire Festival on January 6th.

Bloomingdale’s Christmas Tree

Buon Natale and Happy Hollidays from www.vino-con-vista.com

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Genoa Italy: The Legend of Christopher Columbus and the UNESCO Connection

Christoper Columbus arrives in America

Image via Wikipedia

English: Christopher Columbus Česky: Portrét K...

English: Christopher Columbus Česky: Portrét Kryštofa Kolumba od malíře Sebastiana del Piomba (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Genoa, Piazza Principe: Monument to f...

English: Genoa, Piazza Principe: Monument to famous Genovese Christopher Columbus. Italiano: Genova, Piazza Principe: Monumento al famoso genovese Cristoforo Colombo. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Genoa, Italy

Genoa, Italy (Photo credit: jimbo0307)

Genoa is the capital city of Liguria. It is located in northwestern Italy, on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Genoa, which forms the southern corner of the Milan-Turin-Genoa industrial triangle of north-west Italy, is one of Italy’s major economic centers.

Genoa. Monument to Christopher Columbus".

Genoa. Monument to Christopher Columbus”. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Here’s a Genoa Video for all my Italian friends on Columbus Day http://youtu.be/wujacerrsp8. Christopher Columbus is very popular in this part of the world.

On October 12, 1492, Columbus landed in the Bahama Islands on his first voyage. This event spawned the “Columbian Exchange” of goods from the New World” to the “Old World” and visa versa. The Columbian Exchange was the widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, human populations (including slaves), communicable disease and ideas between the Eastern and Western hemispheres (Old World and New World). His ships were nicknamed the Nina, Pinta and Santa Maria.

Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean. These voyages led to general European awareness of the American continents in the Western Hemisphere. The events led to the establishment of permanent settlements in the island of Hispaniola. This initiated the process of Spanish colonization which eventually led to the European colonization of the “New World“.

Columbus boats in Genoa Italy

Columbus boats in Genoa Italy

Christopher Columbus

Christopher Columbus

Marvel at the 16th and 17thcentury “New Streets” of Genoa that can be found in the historic city center. There are many interesting sites in Genoa. The Cathedral of St. Lawrence (Cattedrale di San Lorenzo) is a church in the Italian city of Genoa, and is the seat of the Archbishop of Genoa.

House of Christopher Columbus in Genoa, Italy.

House of Christopher Columbus in Genoa, Italy. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Visit the Aquarium in Genoa. Genoa has the largest aquarium in Europe.  Elaborate Renaissance and Baroque palaces are located on Via Balbi and Via Garibaldi.

Neptune in Genoa Italy

Neptune in Genoa Italy

Genoa Italy

Genoa ItalyThe area around the Cathedral of San Lorenzo is medieval, but the 12th century Duomo is Romanesque. Genoa is Italy’s most important commercial port. The “Lanterna” lighthouse is a vestige of Genoa’s medieval glory. Visit the open space dedicated to Columbus Voyage with the Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria. Genoa Italy Sites

In this childhood home of Christopher Columbus; his memory permeates the town. Genoa’s historically impressive “urban development projects represent plans by the public authority to parcel out a system of lodging based upon legislation.”( UNESCO) These palaces can be found on the Strada Nuova.

Genoa Italy: Stada Nuova Palazzo Rosso

Stada Nuova Palazzo Rosso

On Via Garibaldi, Genoa’s most beautiful street, the 16th century Palazzo Bianco houses an outstanding collection of Genoese art by Luca Cambiaso, Bernardo Strozzi and Giovanni Benedetto. At the Palazzo Rosso, Carravaggio’s “Ecce Homo” (Man of Sorrows) can be viewed; as well as frescoes by de Ferrari and Domenico Piola.

The Palazzo Ducale was the seat of Genoa’s ruling doges and also contains important masterpieces. The Palazzo Reale was used by the kings of Savoy and has an ornate 17th century interior.

Via Garibaldi in Geona Italy

Via Garibaldi in Geona Italy

The “Rolli” palaces were patrician residences built by the wealthiest and most powerful aristocratic families of the Republic of Genoa. These dwellings were built at the height of Genoa’s seafaring prowess.

Port of Genoa Italy

Port of Genoa Italy

The Palaces in Genoa are generally three to four stories high and feature spectacular staircases, courtyards and loggias overlooking gardens. The owners of these palazzi were obligated to host official visits of State as decreed by the Senate in 1576.  These formal visits contributed to the dissemination of their architectural model, which attracted famous artists like Peter Paul Rubens.

Genoa Italy

Genoa Italy

Genoa Italy

Genoa Italy

Genoa Italy Sites

Genoa Italy Sites

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Travel Guides. To learn more about Italy, visit www.vino-con-vista.com

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Cefalu is Sicily’s Best Kept Vino con Vista Secret

The Christ Pantokrator.

The Christ Pantokrator. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cefalù

Cefalù (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cefalù

Cefalù (Photo credit: girolame)

Cefalù

Cefalù (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cefalù, Sicily

Cefalù, Sicily (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

is especially noteworthy

is especially noteworthy (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The façade of the Duomo.

The façade of the Duomo. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

On my recent trip to Italy, my bus driver was from Cefalu in Sicily.  I spent alot of time talking to him about how this delightful town located about 55 minutes east of Palermo exceeded my expectations. The Palermo-Messina trains stop in this charming town.

Christ Pantokrator in the apse of the Cathedra...

Christ Pantokrator in the apse of the Cathedral of Cefalù, Sicily, Italy. Mosaic in Byzantine style. Italiano: Cristo Pantocratore nell’abside della Cattedrale della città siciliana Cefalù (Italia). Mosaico in stile bizantino. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cefalu is a charming sea-side resort town nestled between the mountains and the glistening cobalt water of the sea. It is a short train ride from Palermo on the northern Tyrrhenian coast with outstanding beaches and a beautiful Norman cathedral with splendid mosaics.

Walk along the sea wall to La Calura and admire the ancient rocks named Tallarita, Baranello and Passarello. The Italians love to name the rock formations. The Temple of Diana is visible atop the mountains overlooking Cefalu.

Cefalu-bjs2007-03

Cefalu-bjs2007-03 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The magnificent twin-towers and the Norman Cathedral were built in 1131 by Roger II following his shipwreck along the coastline of Cefalu. The structural and architectural trappings of the cathedral are similar to Monreale.  It is adorned with lancet windows.

Cathedral of Cefalù (Italy), front view

Cathedral of Cefalù (Italy), front view (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The 20th century stained glass replacement windows are covered with abstract designs created by Michelle Canzoneri. The Duomo has spectacular mosaics and houses a magnificent Christ as Pantocrator. In the square, enjoy some delightful marzapan treats with your coffee.

English: Cefalu, Sicily, apsis & choir of Norm...

English: Cefalu, Sicily, apsis & choir of Norman cathedral (mosaic “Christus Pantocrator”) Italiano: Cristo Pantocratore nel mosaico della cattedrale di Cefalù (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Some of the fun tourist attractions in and around Cefalu include:

1. The Public Lavatoio that is located in the center of town; precursor to the public Laundromat.

The Wash house in Cefalù (Sicily).

The Wash house in Cefalù (Sicily). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

2. Drive up to the top of the mountain and visit the sanctuary of St. Gibilmanna in Pizzo San Angelo. This was the first church dedicated to the Madonna in Sicily. The monastery belongs to Cappuchin Friars. The sanctuary is located 2600 feet above sea level with a panoramic view of the majestic mountains. 

After visiting the local attractions, dine at LoScoglio Ubriaco overlooking the water. Plan your next day perched on a beach chair that you can rent at Beach Café del Moto. Think about taking a day trip from Cefalu to Sicily’s other exotic locations like Taormina or the Aeolian islands.

For a great Vino con Vista visit Filippino on Piazza Municipio.  E Pulera on via Isabella Conti Vainicher and the Kasbah Café on via Maurolico 25 offer outstanding food with pleasant outdoor seating. Purchase some local wine and cheese at Enoteca Le Petit Tonneau after you stroll along the water front and appreciate the natural beauty that this charming town exudes. In August, the town has an annual festival called Madonna della Luce which includes an evening boat procession along the coastline.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Travel Guides to Italy.

Cefalù

Cefalù (Photo credit: Miguel Virkkunen Carvalho)

To learn more about Sicily visit www.vino-con-vista.com

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Ten Reasons Why I Love Vino con Vista Palermo Sicily

Lion. mosaic in the Palatine Chapel within the...

Lion. mosaic in the Palatine Chapel within the Palazzo dei Normanni in Palermo. Picture by Giovanni Dall’Orto, September 28 2006. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Palazzo dei Normanni a Palermo Sicily

Palazzo dei Normanni a Palermo Sicily (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

c. 1150

c. 1150 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cappella Palatina
Image via Wikipedia
The courtyard of Palazzo dei Normanni in Paler...

The courtyard of Palazzo dei Normanni in Palermo, looking towards the Palatine Chapel. Picture by Giovanni Dall’Orto, September 28 2006. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Madonna and Child. 12th century byzantine fres...

Madonna and Child. 12th century byzantine fresco in the Palatine Chapel within the Palazzo dei Normanni in Palermo. Picture by Giovanni Dall’Orto, September 28 2006. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Palazzo dei Normanni, one of the places that h...

Palazzo dei Normanni, one of the places that hosted Frederick’s Magna Curia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Roger II of Sicily receiving his crown directl...

Roger II of Sicily receiving his crown directly from Jesus Christ, mosaic from Martorana, Palermo (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Palermo is a sumptuous open-air museum with Norman-Arab architecture. It is the capital and administrative center of the independent region that was established in 1847.  The city’s name is derived from the Greek “Panormus,” which means a large port.  It was through this port that the city came into contact with centuries of external influences and invaders. It was founded by the Phoenicians in the 8th century B.C. Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Ostrogoths, Longobards, Byzantines, Arabs and Bourbons have left their marks on Sicily. These cultures have contributed to the eclectic splendor of the city. Here are some of the sights that I love http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PlCs66BO8Jc

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fbFYZPzvq30&feature=related

The various civilizations that have inhabited Sicily contributed to the magnificence of her art, architecture, viticulture, culture and cuisine. The city came under Norman rule in 1072. The Byzantine heritage is evident in the brilliantly decorated churches of the Martarano and the Palatine Chapel in Palermo.

There are many reasons why I love Palermo. These are the Top Ten:

1.  When I checked my grandfather’s “Certificato di Nascita” it said that he was born on Apriles 5, 1894 in Comune di Castronovo di Sicilia in the Provincia di Palermo. Castronovo di Sicilia is about 50 km southeast of Palermo. My grandfather Antonino’s parents were Illuminato and Colombo Coneetta, both from the same town. My dad was named after his grampa but everyone called him Lenny.  My dad was the best guy in the entire planet so I LOVE PALERMO!!!

2. The Porto Nuova is crowned with a majolica figure on the roof that represents the eagle of the Senate of Palermo. It is located at the beginning of Corso Catalafimi.  The archway is decorated with four telamons with turbins. The arch was built in 1583 to celebrate the triumphant entrance of Charles V into the city.

Palermo, Palazzo dei Normanni, the Yellow Room...

Palermo, Palazzo dei Normanni, the Yellow Room. Fresco by Giuseppe Patania (1830) with Roger of Sicily Receiving The Keys of the City. Italiano: Palermo, Palazzo dei Normanni, Sala Gialla. Affresco di Giuseppe Patania (1830) con Ruggero di Sicilia che riceve le chiavi di Palermo. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Palazzo dei Normanni, seat of the Sicilian Reg...

Palazzo dei Normanni, seat of the Sicilian Regional Assembly. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

3. The 17th century Palazzo dei Normanni is known as the Royal Palace and stands alongside the Porta Nuova. It was the seat of the rulers of Sicily. Since 1947 it has been the seat of the Sicilian Regional Assembly. The main entrance is home to the majestic marble coat of arms.  The courtyards are lined with beautiful Byzantine mosaics.

The unique illuminating effect of golden tesse...

The unique illuminating effect of golden tesserae, Cappella Palatina in Palermo, Sicily, 12th century (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

4. The piazza in front is dominated by the Baroque Monument to Philip V, surrounded by elegant gardens and palm trees. Palermo’s Palatine Chapel (Cappella Palatina) at the Royal Palace is adorned with mosaics, marble and gold.  The mosaic image in the apse of the chapel depicts a magnificent mosaic of Christ as Pantocrator in the classic Byzantine style surrounded by angels and the four Evangelists.  Work on the chapel began in 1130 when Roger II was crowned king of Italy and was completed in 1143.

Italiano: Fianco della Cattedrale di Palermo, ...

Italiano: Fianco della Cattedrale di Palermo, visto dal lato della facciata. English: Flank of the Cathedral of Palermo (Sicily), as seen from the facade side. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

5.  The Cathedral of Palermo is dedicated to the Blessed Virgin.  It was founded in 1184 and has been transformed over time into a magnificent blend of architectural styles from Norman to Gothic. The eighteenth century statue which crowns the fountain in the piazza represents Saint Rosalina, the patron saint of Palermo, defeating the plague in Messina. My aunt was named after Rosalina. The silver urn in the Chapel contains her mortal remains.

As a result of radical charges in the 18th century, the interior is primarily Neoclassical. It houses the tombs of famous Sicilian kings and emperors including Roger II and Henry VI who died in 1154 and 1197 respectively.  The Roman sarcophagus contains the remains of Constance of Aragon.  The Praetorian Fountain is from 1573.

Italiano: Fianco della Cattedrale di Palermo. ...

Italiano: Fianco della Cattedrale di Palermo. English: Flank of the Cathedral of Palermo (Sicily). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

6. The Museo Archeologico’s extensive collections are housed in a 17th century former monastery. Palermo is an intriguing city with a wide spectrum of art, entertainment and culinary options.  The museum’s collections provide an overview of the various contributors to the cultural spectrum from Phoenicians to Carthaginians and Greeks to Romans.

San Giovanni degli Eremiti, red domes showing ...

San Giovanni degli Eremiti, red domes showing elements of Arab architecture. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Detail of the bell tower.

Detail of the bell tower. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

7.  San Giovanni Degli Eremiti (St. John of the Hermits) was built in 1132 under Roger II, the first medieval king of Sicily.  He spoke Arabic and had a harem. It may have been built over a mosque from the period of Arab domination. The cloister is part of an ancient Benedictine monastery with lush gardens. Climb to the top for a breathtaking view of Palermo.

San Giuseppe dei Teatini

San Giuseppe dei Teatini (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

8. Quattro Canti (Four Corners) is located in the heart of Baroque Palermo.  It was built as part of an urban planning effort during Spanish domination.  At street level, each corner has a fountain with a statue of the four seasons by Gregorio Tedeschi and Nunzio La Mattina.

DSC00456 - PA - Quattro Canti -1608-1620- - Fo...

DSC00456 – PA – Quattro Canti -1608-1620- – Foto G. Dall’Orto (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Above the fountain, the niche contains a statue of Phillip II of Spain and Emperor Charles V sculpted by Giovanni Battista D’Aprile.  In the upper parts of the structures, the four guardian saints of the city Agatha, Christina, Nymph and Olivia, watch over the Piazza Vigliena. The Church of San Giuseppe Dei Teatini is located in the “Four Corners,” built in the 17th century.  It has a gleaming majolica dome built in the 18th century by Giuseppe Mariani.

9. The Piazza Pretoriais behind the Four Corners and was the seat of the local senate.  The Fontana Pretoria was sculpted between 1554 and 1555 by Francesco Camilliani for a Florentine’s Tuscan residence.  It was dismantled into 644 pieces and the allegorical and mythological figures were re-erected on this site in Palermo.  It is known as the “fountain of shame” because many of the statues are nude.

Palermo piazza pretoria

Palermo piazza pretoria (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Piazza Pretoria

Piazza Pretoria (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

10. Mercato della Vucciria is glorious open-air market that carries everything from pigs, tuna, squid and sardines to eggplant and tomatoes. The ingredients are anxiously awaiting placement into those incredible Sicilian specialtieslike pasto con le sarde and Norma. This market was immortalized by Renato Guttuso in his 1974 panorama of the food market in central Palermo, “La Vucciria.” Guttuso was the most popular painter in 20th century Italy.

Market in Palermo, this stand is selling fish.

Market in Palermo, this stand is selling fish. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Italiano: Palermo, mercato della Vucciria Engl...

Italiano: Palermo, mercato della Vucciria English: Vucciria market, Palermo (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The annual “Il Festival delle Marionette” takes place during the month of December in the Museo Internazionale delle Marionette in Palermo on Via Butera. The event features puppets and marionettes from all over the world.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Travel Guides to Italy and  Vino Con Vista Travel Guides can be purchased at these sites

Mercato Ballarò a Palermo, Sicilia - Ballarò M...

Mercato Ballarò a Palermo, Sicilia – Ballarò Market at Palermo, Sicily (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

To learn more about Sicily visit www.vino-con-vista.com

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Ascend La Scala Sancta in Rome: The Holy Stairs that Jesus Climbed

Scala Sancta e Sancta Sanctorum

Image by Stephen and Therese Jennings via Flickr

Italiano: Immagine detta acheropita (non dipin...

Italiano: Immagine detta acheropita (non dipinta da mano d’uomo) del Sancta Sanctorum della Scala Santa. Roma. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Italiano: Affreschi del Sancta Sanctorum della...

In close proximity to the archbasilica of Saint John Lateran in Rome, visit the Holy Stairs or “La Scala Sancta.” For centuries, the Scala Sancta has attracted Christian pilgrims. These pilgrims come to honor the Passion of Jesus.

Antonio Ciseri's depiction of Pontius Pilate p...

Antonio Ciseri’s depiction of Pontius Pilate presenting a scourged Christ to the people Ecce homo! (Behold the man!). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The building was designed by Domenico Fontana in 1589.  It houses two surviving parts of the old Lateran Palace.  One is the pope’s private chapel (Sancta Sanctorum) and the other is the Holy Staircase (Scala Santa).  The 28 steps, said to be those that Christ ascended in Pontius Pilate‘s house during his trial, were brought from Jerusalem by St. Helena in approximately 325 A.D.

English: Basilica and Palace of St John Latera...

English: Basilica and Palace of St John Lateran, Rome, Italy (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Christ before Pontius Pilate, Mihály Munkácsy,...

Christ before Pontius Pilate, Mihály Munkácsy, 1881 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Fresco at the Scala Sancta in Rome.

Fresco at the Scala Sancta in Rome. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

When the Lateran Palace was destroyed in the late 16th century, Pope Sixtus V had the steps moved to their present site.  No foot may touch the holy steps, so they are covered by wooden boards.  They may be climbed but only on your knees, a penance that is performed especially on Good Friday.

Scala Sancta: the sacred stairs, exterior

Scala Sancta: the sacred stairs, exterior (Photo credit: SpirosK)

In Jerusalem, you can visit the Chapel of the Ascension near the top of the Mount of Olives. It is a Christian and Muslim holy site that is believed to depict the place where Jesus ascended into heaven 40 days after his resurrection. There is a small church/mosque with a stone imprinted with his footprint. Prior to the time of Emperor Constantine, Christians honored his Ascension by meeting in a cave out of concern for their safety. Constantine’s mother Helena was instrumental in marking this spot with a memorial chapel at the end of the 4th century.

Other highlights of this building include the sculpture, Ecce Homo, by Giosue Meli in 1874.  The Scala Santa lead to the Chapel of St. Lawrence, or Sancta Sanctorum, built by Pope Nicholas III in 1278.  This chapel contains many important relics, the most precious being an image of Jesus, the Acheiropoeton, or “picture painted without hands.” It is believed to be the work of St. Luke, assisted by an angel.  The image was taken on procession in medieval times to ward off plagues.

English: Lateran obelisk. Base of obelisk with...

English: Lateran obelisk. Base of obelisk with citatation of Emperor Constantine. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

There are three surviving monuments from the original Lateran Palace. Two of these monuments are located in one building built by Domenico Fontana in 1589. These monuments are the Scala Santa and the Chapel of the Sancta Sanctorum. The third monument is the Triclinium of Leo III, which can be seen on the structure at the top of the stairs facing the archbasillica of St. John Lateran. Under the roofline, there is an incredible mosaic in the apse. In the center mosaic, Christ is surrounded by his Apostles.

Lateran Triclinium of Leo III, near the Scala Sancta; Jesus is surrounded by his Apostles under the roofline in the aspe.

The Scala Sancta are marble stairs that were brought  from Jerusalem to Rome in 326 AD by Saint Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine.  According to legend, these are the stairs that Jesus climbed on his way to his trial with Pontius Pilate after he was betrayed by Judas.

Lateran Scala Sancta Ecce Homo statue

This was the staircase that lead  to the praetorium of  the Roman prefect Pontius Pilate in Jerusalem. Jesus was crucified in Calvary during the prefecture of Pontius Pilate, who governed Judaea from 26 to 36 AD.  In the Middle Ages these stairs were known as Scala Pilati, the Stairs of Pilate.

Lateran Scala Sancta Judas statue

Lateran Scala Sancta Jesus Statue

The Scala Sancta (Holy Stairs) consists of twenty-eight wooden steps that encase white marble steps. They are sanctified by the footsteps of Jesus Christ during his Passion. The marble stairs are visible through openings in the wooden risers. The Sanctury can be visited during these hours:

Scala Sancta sign

The stairs are located  in a building which incorporates part of the old Lateran Palace, located opposite the Basilica of Saint John Lateran. They are located next to a church which was built on ground brought from Mount Calvary. When Sixtus V in 1589 destroyed the old papal palace and built the new one, he ordered the Holy Stairs be transferred to their present site, before the Sancta Sanctorum (Holy of Holies).

The stairs lead to the Sancta Sanctorum  which is the personal chapel of the early Popes in the Lateran palace, the chapel deicated to St. Lawrence. This is the only remaining part of the former Lateran Palace. The name is derived from the many precious relics preserved there. The Sancta Sanctorum also contains the celebrated image of Christ which on certain special occasions was carried through Rome in procession. These holy treasures have not been seen by anyone since Leo X (1513-21).

Lateran Oratorium near Scala Sancta

Lateran Scala Sancta altar

The Scala Sancta are covered with a layer of protective walnut wood boards. These Holy Stairs are flanked by additional sets of stairs for common use on both sides  because the Holy Stairs may only be ascended on one’s knees in devout prayer. This devotion is favored by religious pilgrims and faithful Christians who are seeking an indulgence, especially on Fridays and during in Lent. In 1908, Pius X granted a plenary indulgence to be gained as often as the stairs are devoutly ascended after confession and communion. Imitations of the Scala Sancta have been erected in various places, such as in Lourdes and in some convents of nuns. Some indulgences are also associated with these stairs.

Lateran Scala Sancta stairs praying

In 1589, Pope Sixtus V relocated the steps to their present location in front of the ancient Palatine Chapel (Il Sancta Sanctorum).

Italiano: Interno del Sancta Sanctorum della S...

Italiano: Interno del Sancta Sanctorum della Scala Santa. Roma. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Lateran Il Sancta Sacntorum

The decoration of the Scala Sancta was one of the major refurbishment exercises of the papacy of Sixtus V, led by Cesare Nebbia and Giovanni Guerra. Many artists were enlisted to decorate the premises with statues and  frescoes including:  Giovanni Baglione, Giacomo Stella, Giovanni Battista Pozzo, Paris Nogari, Prospero Orsi, Ferraù Fenzoni, Paul Bril, Paulo Guidotti, Giovanni Battista Ricci, Cesaro Torelli, Antonio Vivarini, Andrea Lilio, Vicenzo Conti Baldassare Croce, Ventura Salimbeni and Antonio Scalvati.

Lateran Scala Sancta ceiling

Pray these prayers as you ascend the steps:

At the foot of the Holy Staircase, before beginning your ascent
on your knees, recite:

“My Jesus, by the merits of your passion, I pray that you inspire
in me feelings of faith, of hope, and of charity, and that you grant
me pardon for my sins, while I, having decided to change my
life, proceed to climb the Staircase, which I venerate as a memento
of your sacrifice and as a spur to trusting in your mercy in this
life and to getting myself ready for eternal salvation in the next.
Amen.”

1st Step:
My Jesus, by the anxiety that oppressed you in taking leave of
Holy Mary and of your beloved disciples, have pity upon me!
Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

2nd Step:
My Jesus, by the mortal anguish that made you sweat living
blood in the olive garden, have pity upon me! Holy Mother!
Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

3rd Step:
My Jesus, by the bitterness that Judas’s betrayal caused you,
have pity upon me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the
wounds of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

4th Step:
My Jesus, by the confusion felt in the ways of Jerusalem, exposed
as you were to the taunts of the vulgar crowd, have pity upon me!
Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

5th Step:
My Jesus, by the meekness you displayed before the tribunal,
have pity upon me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the
wounds of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

6th Step:
My Jesus, by the patience you exercised during the mocking and
the insults that preceded your sentencing, have pity upon me!  Holy
Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

7th Step:
My Jesus, by the fatigue you felt on climbing up and descending
this staircase a number of time, have pity on me!  Holy Mother!
Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be impressed
in my heart!

8th Step:
My Jesus, by the silence you met the false witnesses with, when
they accused you before Pilate, have pity upon me!  Holy Mother!
Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be impressed in
my heart!

9th Step:
My Jesus, by the humility with which you let yourself be jeered
at and dressed as a madman in Herod’s court, have pity upon me!
Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

10th Step:
My Jesus, by the shame suffered on seeing yourself stripped of
your clothing and chained to a column, have pity upon me!  Holy
Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

11th Step:
My Jesus, by the torment of your pitiless flagellation, have pity
upon me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds
of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

12th Step:
My Jesus, by the agony caused by the spines that pierced your
head, have pity upon me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about
that the wounds of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

13th Step:
My Jesus, by the humiliation suffered when you were dressed
in a mantle of purple, with your eyes blindfolded and saluted in a
parody of how a king is saluted, have pity upon me!  Holy Mother!
Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be impressed in
my heart!

14th Step:
My Jesus, by the pain you felt on being presented to the people
that cried out that you were to be sentenced to death, have
pity upon me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds
of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

15th Step:
My Jesus, by the insult undergone in being put Bar Abbas, have
pity upon me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds
of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

16th Step:
My Jesus, by the resignation with which you embraced the cross
and walked up to Calvary, have pity upon me! Holy Mother!  Ah!
Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

17th Step:
My Jesus, by the sadness you felt in meeting your afflicted
mother Mary, have pity upon me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it
about that the wounds of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

18th Step:
My Jesus, by the efforts you tolerated in your trip to Calvary,
burdened by the weight of the cross, have pity upon me!  Holy
Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

19th Step:
My Jesus, by the disgust that the bitter drink of wine mixed
with gall procured you, have pity upon me!  Holy Mother!
Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

20th Step:
My Jesus, by your suffering on feeling your clothes torn
from your bleeding and sore-strewn flesh, have pity upon me!
Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

21st Step:
My Jesus, by the strength with which you lay down upon
the cross and let your hands and feet be pierced with nails,
have pity upon me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that
the wounds of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

22nd Step:
My Jesus, by the infinite love that induced you to pardon
those who had crucified you and to pray for them, have
pity upon me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the
wounds of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

23rd Step:
My Jesus, by the generosity with which you promised
paradise to the repentant assassin and, through John, gave
to the faithful Holy Mary as a mother have pity upon me!
Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

24th Step:
My Jesus, by the cruel thirst that sharpened the torments
of your frightful agony, have pity upon me! Holy Mother!
Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

25th Step:
My Jesus, by the horror you felt on feeling forsaken by
the Father and cursed by men, have pity upon me!  Holy
Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the wounds of the Lord be
impressed in my heart!

26th Step:
My Jesus, by the love with which you sacrificed your life
to reconcile me with God and make me worthy of eternal
salvation, have pity on me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it
about that the wounds of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

27th Step:
My Jesus, by the wound in your side, from which the
church, mother and teacher of its faithful, was born, have
pity upon me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the
wounds of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

28th Step:
My Jesus, by the tears Holy Mary shed, she having
hugged you in her arms and arranged you in the tomb, have
pity upon me!  Holy Mother!  Ah!  Bring it about that the
wounds of the Lord be impressed in my heart!

You have finally reached the top top of the Holy Staircase.
Let us pray:

“Oh God, in whose passion a sword of grief, according to
Eimon’s prophecy, pierced the sweet soul of the glorious
virgin and mother.  Mary grant that, in celebrating with
veneration your grief, we may earn the fruits of your passion.
You, who live and reign forever and ever.  Amen!”

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Italy Travel Guides. To learn more about Rome visit www.vino-con-vista.com

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Filed under Ancient Rome, Churches in Rome, ebooks, Emperor Constantine, IPad, Italian Architecture, Italian art, Italy Travel Guides, Roman Amphitheater, Roman Architecture, Roman Emperors, Rome Italy, Sacred Art in Rome, Scala Sancta in Rome are Holy Steps climbed by Jesus, Uncategorized

Saint Paul Outside the Walls: a UNESCO Basilica in Rome

Roma - Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura 12

Roma – Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura 12 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Wa...

English: Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Rome) – the tomb of St. Paul Italiano: Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura (Roma) – la tomba di san Paolo Polski: Bazylika św. Pawła za Murami w Rzymie – grób św. Pawła Apostoła (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Italiano: Roma, basilica di san Paolo fuori le...

Italiano: Roma, basilica di san Paolo fuori le mura: candelabro pasquale (Pietro Vassalletto e Nicola d’Angelo) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

San Paolo Fuori le Mura was erected in the 4th century.  It  is one of the four patriarchal basilicas of Rome built at the request of Roman Emperor Constantine I over the burial place of  Paul the Apostle.The big mosaic of the facade of Saint Paul out...

Front of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside th...

Front of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls – Roma – Italy. Italiano: Facciata della Basilica di San Paolo fuori le Mura a Roma. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Apse mosaic of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outs...

Saint Paul Outside the Walls is sometimes called the “Basilica Ostiense” because it is located on the Ostian Way. Paul the Apostle was brought to Rome as a prisioner. He was martyred between the years 64 and 67, during the persecution of Emperor Nero. His body was claimed by a Roman woman who buried it in her family tomb near a vineyard on the road to Ostia. Emperor Constantine placed the Apostle’s body in a bronze sarcophagus with a marble slab over  it. At the request of Emperor Constantine in 324,  a basilica was built over St. Paul’s tomb.

Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Rome...

Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Rome) – interior Polski: Wnętrze bazyliki św. Pawła za Murami w Rzymie Italiano: Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura (Roma) – interno (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This first edifice was expanded under Valentinian I in about 370. Since many pilgrims came to visit the site, Emperor Valentine II made plans for a larger building. Emperor Theodosius began the new building and Emperor Honorius completed it.

English: Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Wa...

English: Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Rome) – the tabernacle of the confession Italiano: Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura (Roma) – ciborio di Arnolfo di Cambio Polski: Bazylika św. Pawła za Murami w Rzymie – grób św. Pawła, przykryty gotyckim baldachimem (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Rom, Sankt Paul vor den Mauern, San Paolo fuor...

Rom, Sankt Paul vor den Mauern, San Paolo fuori le mura Italiano: Statua di San Paolo di fronte alla facciata della Basilica di San Paolo fuori le Mura a Roma. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Pope Leo III, further embellished the building and it became the largest and most beautiful church in Rome under his papacy.  Of all the churches of Rome, this one preserved its primitive character for 1435 years. In 1823 it was almost completely destroyed by a fire.

St. Paul Outside the Walls in Rome

In 1823,  it was rebuilt and enlarged by the architect Poletti and modified by Guglielmo Calderini. It was completed in 1854.

Roma - Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura - resti

Roma – Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura – resti (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Portrait of Pope Honorius I in the Basilica of...

Portrait of Pope Honorius I in the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls, Rome Italiano: Ritratto di Papa Onorio I nella Basilica di San Paolo fuori la Mura, Roma (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Necropolis of Saint Paul outside the Walls in Rome

The interior of the current basilica has 80 monolithic columns of Montorfano granite divided into five naves. On the upper part of the walls, frescoes illustrate scenes from the life of St Paul.  Against the internal wall of the facade there are six large alabaster columns presented by the Viceroy of Egypt to Gregory XVI.

St. Paul Outside the Walls Frescoes in Rome

Saint Paul Outside the Walls is located at the site where Paul was executed and buried.

Tomb of Saint Paul in Rome

It is located outside the Aurelian Walls. The the basilica was damaged during the Saracen invasions in the 9th century. Pope John VIII (872–882) fortified the basilica and the monastery forming the town of Joannispolis (Giovannipoli) which existed until 1348, when an earthquake totally destroyed the town.

Fortified Walls in Rome

Map of Saint Paul Outside the Walls

Interior of St. Paul Outside the Walls in Rome

The Basilica was founded where his followers erected a memorial, called a cella memoriae. In the chapel of the relics, lie the chains that bound Paul the Apostle when he was improsioned in Rome In the 5th century, this church was larger than the Old St. Peter’s Basilica.

The front of the basilica has ten monolithic columns of red Baveno granite. A huge statue of St. Paul dominates the entrance to the new building. The inscription on the base of the statue says “To the preacher of truth, the teacher of nations”.

Facade of Saint Paul Outside the Walls

The facade mosaic is the work of Filippo Agricola and Nicola Consoni. In the typanum, Christ is seated in the center giving his blessing. On his right side is Saint Peter and on his left side is St. Paul. Below the Lamb of God, the four rivers of Paradise flow. Twelve sheep represent the Apostles who approach the Lamb from the holy cities of Bethlehem and Jerusalem.

Here’s a Virtual Tour of the entrance and central courtyard: http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_paolo/vr_tour/Media/VR/St_Paul_Courtyard/index.html

Facade Mosaic

It was rebuilt by the architect Poletti and reconsecrated 1855 with the presence of Pope Pius IX and fifty cardinals. Many countries made contributions to the reconstruction efforts: the Viceroy of Egypt sent pillars of alabaster, the Emperor of Russia sent precious malachite and lapis lazuli for the tabernacle.

Saint Paul

In the right corner there is a statue of St. Luke the Evangelist. Saint Paul is in the front of the basilica.

Saint Luke

Under the portico, the wall niches have statues of St. Peter and St. Paul by Gregorio Zappala.

Popes Leo XII, Pius VIII and Gregory XVI, personally oversaw the reconstruction of the church. In 1854 Pope Pius IX was able to celebrate the completion of the reconstruction.

Under Pope Gregory the Great (590–604), the basilica was extensively modified. He had the pavement was raised to place the altar directly over Paul’s tomb. The tomb is covered by a Gothic baldachino by Adolfo di Cambio completed in 1285.

Tomb of St. Paul

Here’s a virtual tour of St. Paul’s Tomb http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_paolo/vr_tour/Media/VR/St_Paul_Tomb/index.html. To make a portion of the tomb visible to religious pilgrims, the floor was lowered forming a confessio where people can pray. Directly below the altar, a grill-covered window reveals the stone sarcophagus. Carbon dating of the contents of the tomb indicated that the remains in the sarcophagus are from someone who lived in the first or second century indicating that they are the remains of the apostle.

Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Rome...

Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Rome) – the tabernacle of the confession Italiano: Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura (Roma) – ciborio di Arnolfo di Cambio Polski: Bazylika św. Pawła za Murami w Rzymie – grób św. Pawła, przykryty gotyckim baldachimem (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Over Saint Paul’s tomb, Arnolfo di Cambio‘s Gothic  tabernacle is resting on four porphyry columns.  The four cornices above the niches of the baldachin have statues of Saint Peter, Saint Paul, Saint Timothy and Saint Bartholomew.  Excavations located a first century tomb with a marble slab covering it with the Latin inscription “Paulo Apostolo Mart”. You can see a plaster copy of the slab in the Church Museum located off of the cloister.

Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Rome...

Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Rome) – the tabernacle of the confession Italiano: Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura (Roma) – ciborio di Arnolfo di Cambio Polski: Bazylika św. Pawła za Murami w Rzymie – grób św. Pawła, przykryty gotyckim baldachimem (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

St. Paul’s Tabernacle

Arnolfo di cambio

Arnolfo di cambio (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

St. Peter statue by Arnolfo di Cambio inside t...

St. Peter statue by Arnolfo di Cambio inside the Vatican Basilica, dressed with a vestment on St. Peter and Paul feast. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Arnolfo di Cambio also created the bronze Saint Peter statue in St. Peter’s Basillica and the ptesepe in the lower level of Santa Maria Maggiore.

Italiano: Presepe di Arnolfo di Cambio. Basili...

Italiano: Presepe di Arnolfo di Cambio. Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore, Roma, Italia . English: Manger by Arnolfo di Cambio, Rome, Santa Maria Maggiore, Italy . (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

San Paolo Fuori le Mura’s interior has 80 monolithic columns of Montorfano granite from the isolated mountain on Lake Maggiore. It is divided into five naves. Above the arches over the granite columns, all the way around the interior of the Basilica, there are circular mosaic portraits of all the Popes, from the first to the present.  Only the current pope’s portrait is illuminated.  According to legend, when this Basilica runs out of space for these portraits of the popes, the world will end.

Statue of St. Paul Apostle in the Basilica San...

Statue of St. Paul Apostle in the Basilica San Paolo fuori le Mura (Rome) Polski: Figura św. Pawła Apostoła w bazylice Świętego Pawła za Murami w Rzymie Italiano: Statua di San Paolo Apostolo nella Basilica di San Paolo fuori le Mura a Roma (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

On the upper part of the walls, between the large windows,  there are 36 frescoes with the scenes from the life of St Paul. Against the internal wall of the facade there are six large alabaster columns presented by the Viceroy of Egypt to Gregory XVI.

Roma - Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura - 9

Roma – Basilica di San Paolo fuori le mura – 9 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Here’s a virtual tour of the central nave of the  basilica http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_paolo/vr_tour/Media/VR/St_Paul_Nave/index.html

In the Apse, there is a mosaic from 1220 showing a majestic Christ wearing imperial colors with St. Paul and St. Luke on his right and St. Peter and St. Andrew on his left. Chirst is holding a book that says “Come blessed of my Father and receive the kingdom prepared for you.”

Apse Mosaic

The palm trees represent paradise. The papal chair has a relief of Christ instucting Peter to feed the sheep.

Jesus

Saint Peter and Saint Andrew

St. Paul and St. Luke in Rome

Here’s a virtual tour of the Apse http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_paolo/vr_tour/Media/VR/St_Paul_Apse/index.html

Portrait of Honorius III - Detail of the apse ...

Portrait of Honorius III – Detail of the apse mosaic of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (1220) – Roma – Italy Pope Honorius III ordered the mosaic and, following the Roman Catholic tradition, is represented near Christ’s feet. Pope Honorius III (1148 – 1227), born Cencio Savelli, was Pope from 1216 to 1227. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pope_Honorius_III (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 You can see Hononius III at the foot of Jesus is the apse mosaic.
The graceful cloister of the monastery was erected between 1220 and 1241. The spiral columns of the cloister were built by the Vassalletto family in 1214 and survived the fire.
Cloister of the monastery of San Paolo fuori l...

Cloister of the monastery of San Paolo fuori le mura (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Here’s a virtual tour of the lovely rose garden in the Cloister: http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_paolo/vr_tour/Media/VR/St_Paul_Cloister/index.html
The death of St. Paul - relief on the doors of...

The death of St. Paul – relief on the doors of the Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls (Rome) Italiano: La morte do san Paolo – rilievo sulla porta della Basilica di San Paolo Fuori le Mura a Roma Polski: Śmierć św. Pawła – płaskorzeźba znajdująca się na drzwiach Bazyliki św. Pawła za Murami w Rzymie (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

From 1215 until 1964 this was the seat of the Latin Patriarch of Alexandria. The Holy Door was last opened in 2000 and there is a large plaque above the door commemorating the event.

The Holy Door

The Holy Door (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The door pictured below on the right, is the work of Antonia Maraini and was cast in Florence in 1931. The cross on the bronze door is highlighted in silver and the horizontal bar bears the names of the evangelists. The verticle potion of the cross, has portraits of the Apolstles. The panels on the door depict scenes from the life of Saint Peter on the left and Saint Paul on the right. The figure of Christ shows him giving the keys to Saint Peter.

Holy Door

Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Silver

Visit the Pinocoteca with “Flagellation” by Bramante and other interesting works of art and tour the interesting Museum http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_paolo/vr_tour/Media/VR/St_Paul_Museum/index.html.

See some of the fragments of the original basilica. Then stop at the where you can enjoy a Vino con Vista.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Italy Travel Guides. To learn more about Rome visit www.vino-con-vista.com

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The Amazing Archbasilica of St. John Lateran is a UNESCO Site in Rome Italy

English: Basilica of St. John Lateran - apse I...

English: Basilica of St. John Lateran – apse Italiano: Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano – l’abside Polski: Bazylika św. Jana na Lateranie – apsyda (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The Papal Archbasilica of St. John Lateran (San Giovanni in Laterano) is Rome’s cathedral. It serves as the the official ecclesiastical seat of the Pope as the Bishop of Rome. Pope Benedict celebrated the Mass for the feast of Corpus Christi here and then lead a Corpus Christi procession along Rome’s Via Merulana, which links the basilicas of St. John Lateran and St. Mary Major (Santa Maria Maggiore).

English: Doctors of the Church. Attic of the B...

English: Doctors of the Church. Attic of the Basilica of St. John Lateran (Rome). Français : Docteurs de l’Église. Attique de la basilique Saint-Jean-de-Latran (Rome). Italiano: Dottori della Chiesa. Attico della Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano (Roma). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

On the roofline, note the statues of  the Doctors of the Church: Saint Ambrose, Saint Augustine, Saint Jerome, and Pope Gregory I who were the original Doctors of the Church in 1298. Doctors of the church are individuals who are recognized as having special importance, usually regarding their contributions to theology or church doctrine.

Doctors of the Church. Attic of the Basilica o...

Doctors of the Church. Attic of the Basilica of St. John Lateran (Rome). Français : Docteurs de l’Église. Attique de la basilique Saint-Jean-de-Latran (Rome). Italiano: Dottori della Chiesa. Attico della Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano (Roma). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Basilica of St. John Lateran, cathedral of the...

Basilica of St. John Lateran, cathedral of the Bishop of Rome, Italy. Español: Basílica de San Juan de Letrán, catedral del Obispo de Roma, Italia. Italiano: Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Roma Polski: Bazylika św. Jana na Lateranie (znana jako Bazylika Laterańska), katedra biskupa Rzymu, Włochy. Português: Basílica de São João de Latrão, catedral do Bispo de Roma, Itália. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Doctors of the Church. Attic of the Basilica o...

Doctors of the Church. Attic of the Basilica of St. John Lateran (Rome). Français : Docteurs de l’Église. Attique de la basilique Saint-Jean-de-Latran (Rome). Italiano: Dottori della Chiesa. Attico della Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano (Roma). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

St. Matthew by Camillo Rusconi. Nave of the Ba...

St. Matthew by Camillo Rusconi. Nave of the Basilica of St. John Lateran (Rome). Français : Saint Matthieu, par Camillo Rusconi. Nef de la basilique Saint-Jean-de-Latran (Rome). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Pope's chair, Basilica di San Giovanni in Late...

Pope’s chair, Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, Roma, Italy (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Here’s a virtual tour of St. John Lateran http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_giovanni/vr_tour/index-en.html

Lateran papal altar

English: Basilica of St. John Lateran - detail...

English: Basilica of St. John Lateran – detail Italiano: Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano – un particolare Polski: Bazylika św. Jana na Lateranie – herb (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The archbasilica contains the papal throne (Cathedra Romana) that is located in the Aspe behind the papal altar http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_giovanni/vr_tour/Media/VR/Lateran_Nave1/index.html.  The altar contains the skulls of St. Peter and St. Paul.

Lateran ceiling

There are interesting sites in the complex. I love the ornate ceiling and the beautiful statues.

St. Andrew by Camillo Rusconi. Nave of the Bas...

St. Andrew by Camillo Rusconi. Nave of the Basilica of St. John Lateran (Rome). Français : Saint André, par Camillo Rusconi. Nef de la basilique Saint-Jean-de-Latran (Rome). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The decorated ceiling of the Basilica of St. J...

The decorated ceiling of the Basilica of St. John Lateran in Rome, Italy. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Take time to visit the charming cloister

San Giovanni in Laterano (cloister)

San Giovanni in Laterano (cloister) (Photo credit: MarcelGermain)

Here’s a virtual tour ot the cloister http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_giovanni/vr_tour/Media/VR/Lateran_Cloister/index.html.

Basilica of St. John Lateran - statue of St. J...

Basilica of St. John Lateran – statue of St. John Italiano: Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano – la statua di san Giovanni Polski: Bazylika św. Jana na Lateranie – figura św. Jana Apostoła (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The ancient baptistery was also built by Constantine and was converted from a Roman temple. The Lateran Baptistery is one of the oldest in Christendom. The present name is a result of the importance of the baptistry of the church, and of the presence of a Benedictine monastery dedicated to Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist. Here’s a Virtual tour of the Baptistery: http://www.vatican.va/various/basiliche/san_giovanni/vr_tour/Media/VR/Lateran_Baptistery/index.html

English: St. James the Great by Camillo Ruscon...

English: St. James the Great by Camillo Rusconi. Nave of the Basilica of St. John Lateran (Rome). Français : Saint Jacques le Majeur, par Camillo Rusconi. Nef de la basilique Saint-Jean-de-Latran (Rome). (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Lateran baptistery building

San Giovanni in Laterano was the first cathedral of Rome. This was the first Constantinian Basilica and is the oldest basilica in the world, founded in 311 and consecrated in 324. Emperor Constantine gave Pope Melchiades a parcel of imperial property for a church and a papal residence. It was known as “Lateran” because the property previously belonged to the family of Plautius Lateranus of the former Roman Empire. The Laterani lost their properties to Emperor Constantine who in turn gave it to the Christian Church in 311.  The basilica suffered extensive damage during the earthquake of 896 and was restored by Sergius III who dedicated it to St. John the Baptist. Later, Saint John the Evangelist was added as a patron of this church by another pope.

English: Main façade of the Basilica of St. Jo...

English: Main façade of the Basilica of St. John Lateran (Rome) by Alessandro Galilei, 1735. Italiano: Facciata principale della Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano (Roma), progettata da Alessandro Galilei (1735). Français : Façade principale de la basilique Saint-Jean-de-Latran (Rome) par Alessandro Galilei, 1735. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The popes lived in the Lateran Palace adjacent to the church until Clement V (1305-14) transferred the papal seat to Avignon in France. The popes lived at Palazzo Laterano from the time of Constantine until 1304 when the Papacy moved to Avignon. When the popes returned to Rome in 1377, the papacy moved to the Vatican. Excavations beneath the basilica have uncovered pagan buildings and foundations of the 4th century Constantinian basilica.

San Giovanni in Laterano

San Giovanni in Laterano (Photo credit: sgatto)

Lateran Palace on the left of the obelisk

The central bronze doors came from the Curia of the Roman Senate in the Forum. The Holy Door is on the far right. The main travertine facade is on Piazza di Porta Giovanni with five entrances that lead to the portico with five more doorways.

Lateran door

On the top front entrance of the basilica, Jesus Christ is carrying a cross. He is surrounded by St. John the Evangelist, St. John the Baptist and the Doctors of the Church.

Lateran roofline with Jesus and saints

In 1646, the basilica was in danger of collapsing so Pope Innocent X gave the task of restoring it to Francesco Borromini.  Pope Innocent X had the interior completely remodeled by Borromini in preparation for the Jubilee (Holy Year) of 1650. It was during Borromini’s restoration that the church was given its Baroque appearance. The eastern façade was created in 1736 by Alessandro Galilei with statues of saints welcoming visitors.

In front of the north facade ( adjacent to the Lateran Palace) you can find the Lateranense obelisk. It is the tallest obelisk  in Rome that dates back to 1500 B.C.  and weighs over 230 tons. The red granite obelisk in the square in front of the Lateran Palace was originally commissioned by Pharaoh Thuthmose III and completed by his grandson Thutmose IV and stood in the temple of Amun in Karnak. It was placed in the Circus Maximus until Pope Sixtus V had Fontana re-erect it in this square in 1588 in place of the equstrian statue of Marcus Aurelius that was moved to the Capitoline Hill.

Lateran obelisk inscription

Lateran obelisk

Lateran rear entrance

The Renaissance coffered ceiling is attributed to Pirro Ligorio and was started in 1562 during the pontificate of Pius IV.

The apsidal mosaic was restored by friars who were commissioned by Nicholas IV (1288-1292). The apse mosaic depicts the miraculous appearance of Christ in the basilica’s apse at the time of its consecration by Pope Sylvester.

There are beautiful statues in the nave in grey marble aedicules. The statues are flanked by verde antico columns.

Lateran coffered ceiling and apse mosaic

Lateran Saint Peter

The monumental tomb of Leo XIII by Giulio Tadolini is over a door leading to the Sacristy.

The archbasilica has a lavishly decorated interior. The Lancelloti Chapel was designed by Francesco da Volterra and rebuilt by Giovanni Antonio de Rossi. The  “Saint Francis of Assisi recieves the stigmata” painting was done by Giovanni Battista Puccetti in the altarpiece.

Lateran fresco

Lateran fresco Mary Immaculate by Placido Costanzi

There are additional parts of the Lateran complex worth visiting in close proximity to the church.  Walk over to the  Scala Sancta to see the Sancta Sanctorum and the Triclinium of Pope Leo III  These Holy Stairs are particularly attractive for Christian pilgrims who wish to honor the Passion of Jesus. These are the marble stairs that were brought to Rome from Jerusalem in 326 AD by Saint Helena, the mother of Emperor Constantine. These are the stairs that Jesus climbed on his way to his trial with Pontius Pilate; the staircase leading once to the praetorium of Pontius Pilate at Jerusalem .

The Scala Sancta (Holy Stairs) consists of twenty-eight wooden steps that encase white marble steps and are sanctified by the footsteps of Jesus Christ during his Passion. The marble stairs are visible through openings in the wooden risers. The stairs are located  in a building which incorporates part of the old Lateran Palace, located opposite the Basilica of Saint John Lateran. They are located next to a church which was built on ground brought from Mount Calvary. The stairs lead to the Sancta Sanctorum ( Holy of Holies) which is the personal chapel of the early Popes in the Lateran palace, known as the chapel of St. Lawrence.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Italy Travel Guides. To learn more about Rome visit www.vino-con-vista.com

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Drool over Bernini’s Amazing Angels in Sant’Andrea delle Fratte in Rome

Facade of Sant'Andrea delle Fratte.

Facade of Sant’Andrea delle Fratte. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sant'Andrea delle Fratte, Cappella della Madon...

Sant’Andrea delle Fratte, Cappella della Madonna del Miracolo (Roma) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sant’Andrea delle Fratte is located on via Sant’Andrea delle Fratte. The church is dedicated to St. Andrew. The name St. Andrew of the Thickets is derived from the fact that this church was built in the northernmost part of Rome in the 12th century in an area of wild “thickets” or countryside.

S andrea delle fratte 3 - dal chiostro

S andrea delle fratte 3 – dal chiostro (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

It was originally the national church of the Scottish people in Rome. In 1585, Pope Sixtus V donated it to the Friars Minor of Saint Francis of Paola. I love the Chapel of the Madonna.

Sant'Andrea delle Fratte, Angelo del Bernini (...

Sant’Andrea delle Fratte, Angelo del Bernini (Roma) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Borromini partially rebuilt the church in the 17th century.   Francesco Borromini is responsible for the apse, the tambour of the cupola and the square campanile with four orders. After his death, the project was completed by Mattia De Rossi.

Italiano: Roma - Campanile della Chiesa di S. ...

Italiano: Roma – Campanile della Chiesa di S. Andrea delle Fratte (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Borromini’s bell-tower are beautiful. The dome has his characteristic style with an intricate pattern of convex and concave surfaces.

When you enter the church, admire the Chapel of the Miraculous Madonna.  Then you can drool over the Bernini Angels. These angels were originally carved for the Ponte Sant’Angelo but were “declared too breathtaking to be left outside.” My favorite is the “Angel with the Crown of Thorns.”

BerniniAngel01

BerniniAngel01 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Angel of Bernini

Angel of Bernini (Photo credit: kudumomo)

Angel - Bernini - Sant'Andrea delle Fratte

Angel – Bernini – Sant’Andrea delle Fratte (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The angels were moved to the church in 1729.  There are angel caryatids (supporting columns) in the bell-tower. They have with flaming torches that resemble ice cream cones.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Travel Guides @ www.vino-con-vista.com

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Saint Agnes in Agone and Piazza Navona in Rome

Rome, Piazza Navona (church of Sant'Agnese in ...

Rome, Piazza Navona (church of Sant’Agnese in Agone) Italiano: Piazza Navona, Roma (chiesa di Sant’Agnese in Agone) Polski: Rzymski plac Navona (kościół Sant’Agnese in Agone) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Francesco Borromini

Francesco Borromini (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Italiano: Particolare della cupola e dei campa...

Italiano: Particolare della cupola e dei campanili di sant’Agnese in Agone a Roma, piazza Navona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Italiano: Torre campanaria alla sinistra della...

Italiano: Torre campanaria alla sinistra della cupola di s. Agnese in Agone, a piazza Navona, Roma (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Statue of Saint Agnes in Flames by Ercole Ferrata

Statue of Saint Agnes in Flames by Ercole Ferrata (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Church of Sant'Agnese in Agone and th...

English: Church of Sant’Agnese in Agone and the obelisk in Piazza Navona, Rome Español: Iglesia de Sant’Agnese in Agone y el obelisco en la Piazza Navona, en Roma (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Sant’Agnese in Agone (Saint Agnes in Agone) in Piazza Navona is built on the ruins of the Stadium of Domitian. This was the site of Anges’ martyrdom. She was condemned to be burned to death, but the flames turned away from her toward her executioners. She was eventually beheaded and buried on Via Nomentana wher the church of St. Agnes fuori le Mura now stands.

Bernini’s Fountain of the Four Rivers is located directly in front of the church. The Nile River figure in the fountain has his head covered. It is commonly believed that Bernini covered the face of the figure so it did not have to look at the facade of the church designed by his architectural rival Borromini. This is impossible because the fountain was built before the church in 1651.

To see the underground ruins of the Roman circus and large marble altarpiece of “St. Agnes led to Martydom by Alessandro Algardi, visit the subterranean rooms with permission from the Sacristy.

Sant’Agnese in Agone is a seventeenth century Baroque church. This location in Rome is where the Early Christian Saint Agnes was martyred in the ancient Stadium of Domitian.

Francesco Borromini completed the dome in 1654. A number of architects were involved in the construction of the church, including Girolamo Rainaldi and his son Carlo Rainaldi, and two of the foremost Baroque architects of the day; Francesco Borromini and the sculptor Gianlorenzo Bernini[2]

The rebuilding of the church was begun in 1652 at the instigation of Pope Innocent X whose family palace, the Palazzo Pamphili, faced onto the piazza and was adjacent to the site of the new church. The church was to be effectively a family chapel annexed to their residence (for example, an opening was formed in the drum of the dome so the family could participate in the religious services from their palace).]

Statue of Saint Agnes in Flames by Ercole Ferrata

Statue of Saint Agnes in Flames by Ercole Ferrata (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Ercole Ferrata’s statue of St. Agnes show the flames pointing toward her executioners was  initially commissioned from Alessandro Algardi and completed by Ercole Ferrata and Domenico Guidi in 1688. The altar depicting the “Martyrdom of Sant’Emerenziana” is also by Ercole Ferrata.  There is also a reliquary containing the skull of St. Agnes in a small chapel of the church.

Stoning of Saint Emerentiana by Ercole Ferrata

Stoning of Saint Emerentiana by Ercole Ferrata (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The interior of the dome has paintings portraying the Assumption started by Ciro Ferri in 1670 and completed by Sebastiano Corbellini.  The pendentives were painted with the allegorical representations of the cardinal virtues by Bernini’s protégée Giovanni Battista Gaulli known as Baciccia. This commission enhanced his reputation which led to his commission for the masterpiec vault fresco in the church of Gesu.

The main altar has Domenico Guidi’s “Holy Family”. I love the statue of Saint Sebastian. Giovanni Francesco Rossi relief of the “Death of St. Allesio” depicts the pope and emperor coming to visit the saint aftere he had died. The altar depicting the “Death of Santa Cecilia” is one of Antonio Raggi best works. Saint Cecilia is the patron saint of musicians.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Travel Guides @ www.vino-con-vista.com

Carlo Saraceni - Saint Cecilia and the Angel -...

Carlo Saraceni – Saint Cecilia and the Angel – WGA20829 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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