Category Archives: Catalon art and architecture in Barcelona

Sumptuous Santa Maria del Mar in Barcelona Spain: Cathedral of the Sea

Gothic Church of Santa Maria del Mar

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona SpainI love the Sumptuous Santa Maria dei Mar cathedral in Barcelona Spain; also known as Cathedral of the Sea in Catalonia.

Catalonia was part of the great Aragonese maritime power and at one time it was one of the most prosperous cities in the Mediterranean. The foundation stone of the church was laid by King Alfonso IV of Aragon and the Catalan Gothic church was built between 1329 and 1383. In 1428 an earthquake destroyed the rose window on the west end of the church. It was replaced in the 15th century with a Gothic window. Outside the church, visit the trendy Passeig del Born with plenty of shopping and Vino con Vista opportunities.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes travel guides at www.vino-con-vista.com.
 

Barcelona Spain Santa Maria del Mar

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Flamboyant Flamenco: UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Spain

Flamenco in Madrid Spain

Flemenco is a Spanish fusion of music, singing and dance. Ethnic gypsies from Andalusia in southern Spain had a significant impact on the singing (cante), dancing (baile) and guitar playing (toque) that are used in flamenco. Consider it the “Dancing with the Stars” of Spain.

In this genre, voices can be filled with anguish and pain in cante jondo or express happiness and joy through movements in sevillanas and rumbas. Castanets, hand-clapping and foot-stomping create a lively and energetic performance.

Flamenco culture is native to Andalusia.

Flamenco culture is native to Andalusia. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

It is performed during religious festivals, rituals, ceremonies and celebrations. In November of 2010, UNESCO declared Flamenco one of the masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity which include “traditions, performing arts and practices that are inherited from ancestors and passed on to descendants.”

History and tradition co-exist in the rhythum of tablaos (flamenco stages) and clubs in Madrid where flamenco is very popular. The city offers a wide range of shows and serves as the hub of the record industry that presents this genre to the world.

Corral de la Moreria is one of the oldest Flamenco tablaos in Madrid and has been around since 1956 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pfjryeug7FU&feature=related. Another popular venue is Cafe de Chinitas, located in the basement of an 18th century palace. Enjoy the granduer of a Vino con Vista dinner watching flamenco while visiting various regions of Spain.

“The Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity was made by the Director-General of UNESCO starting in 2001 to raise awareness on intangible cultural heritage and encourage local communities to protect them and the local people who sustain these forms of cultural expressions.

Several manifestations of intangible heritage around the world were awarded the title of Masterpieces to recognize the value of the non-material component of culture, as well as entail the commitment of states to promote and safeguard the Masterpieces.

Until 2005, a total of 90 Masterpieces from 70 countries had been proclaimed. 76 more elements were added on 30 September 2009, during the fourth session of the Committee.”

The "Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangi...

The “Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity” is a list maintained by UNESCO with pieces of intangible culture considered relevant by that organization. The map shows the distribution of Masterpieces by State Parties. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Happy Travels from your Travel Buddies @ www.vino-con-vista.comVino Con Vista Travel Guides can be purchased at these sites

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Alghero’s Museum of Sacred Art is Full of Treasures

Alghero‘s origins date back to the 10th century when the Genoese, with the help of Pisans, repelled the Arabs. Then they obtained land grants from the Judges (giudicati) of Logudoro that governed Sardinia during the Middle Ages.

The first capital city for the Giudicato of Logudoro was ancient Torres (now Porto Torres), but it was exposed to Arab attacks. Eventually, the seat of the judgeship was transferred to Ardara and finally to Sassari.

By the tenth century, the map on the right shows that the island was divided into four provinces or giudicati during the High Middle Ages Logudoro in the northwest section was the largest; Gallura to the east; Arborea to the south and Cagliari to the southeast. Later Logudoro and Arborea were combined into one province at the start of the eleventh century.

The Giudicato of Logudoro  was also known as the Giudicato of Torres, after Porto Torres. This area covered the northwest portion of Sardinia from the tenth through the thirteenth century. This is where Alghero is located.

Alghero was built around a fortified port, founded around 1102 by the Genoese Doria family. The Doria ruled it for centuries, apart from a brief period under the rule of Pisa (1283–1284). The Doria had fiefs in Sardinia from the 12th century to the 15th century. They also had fiefdoms in Dolceacqua, Oneglia and Portofino, in the Riviera to the west of Genoa.

In 1353 it was captured by the Aragonese under Bernardo de Cabrera. The Algherese revolted against the garrison’s commanding officer and killed him.  The Spanish responded by sending 12,000 men and 100 galleys to suppress the revolt.  A treaty was signed and the original Sardinian inhabitants were forced to abandon their homes and move to the town of Villanova about 25 killometers away.

The port became the main route between Catolonia and Sardinia and the town of Alghero was inhabited by Catalan colonists creating a distinctive Catonian settlement. The Spanish dominated the city for 360 years. Today, this region of Italy, enclosed with fortress walls is referred to as Little Barcelona. In 1720, control of Alghero passed to the House of Savoy.

To appreciate the sacred history of this charming town, visit the Museo Diocesano d’Arte Sacra. It is located in the historical center of the city of Alghero in the Rosary Church (Chiesa Del Rosario). The former church was enlarged between the 14th and 15th century when the upper floor was added to the structure.

The edifice became a church in the second half of the 17trh century. It was used as a place of worship until the first post-war period and ultimately became a museum in 2000. It is next to the Cathedral dedicated to the Virgin Mary. The treasures of the diocese of Alghero-Bosa are preserved in this Diocesan Museum of Sacred Art.

The Museum is in the former Church of Rosario on Piazza Duomo. The building was originally the Oratorio del Rosario; it belonged to the confraternity that founded the church of San Francesco in 1568. The small museum is packed with precious sacred art, artifacts and liturgical treasures.

The museum collection is divided into six sections: silver,  paintings, wooden sculptures, wood carving, stone and bronze. You will find an early 16th century “Our Lady of Sailors” from the Cathedral of the Virgin next door. It is attributed to a Catalan workshop. The museum opened on June 30, 2002 and preserves the Cathedral’s liturgical art, as well as sacred art from other churches in the diocese of Alghero-Bosa.

Our Lady of the Sailors

There is a beautiful “Eucharistic Throne” from 1720 from the Cathedral of the Virgin Mary. It is embossed and engraved from the workshop of Giovanni Andrea Lay from Cagliari.

Eucharistic Throne

There is a 17th century marble statue of  “Our Lady of Mercy” from the Church of Saint Michael that was created by a Ligurian workshop.

I loved the 19th century wooden carving of  “Baby Jesus” (Bambinello) from the Church of Saint Michael. It was adorned with coral and attributed to a Sicilian workshop.

Bambinello

The 17th century “Assumption of the Virgin” is  from a Sardinian workshop.

Assumption of the Virgin

There are precious sacred treasures from Alghero’s historical churches.

St. Lucy

Holy Family

In the Silver section there are beautiful objects created by silversmiths.  There is an impressive Catalan reliquary of the True Cross created by an unknown silversmith from Alghero in 1500.

The 17th century, Reliquary of a Holy Innocent Martyr is embossed in chiseled silver from a Sardinian workshop. It was originally in the Cathedral of the Virgin Mary.

Reliquary

Ornate Crucifix in Alghero Sardinia

This beautiful 17th century jeweled Monstrance (Ostensorio) was made by a silversmith from Trapani in 1679.

In the “Wooden Sculptures” Area of the Museum, there are many saints and representations of the Virgin. The golden statue represents the “Madonna dei Naviganti” by an unknown Catalan artist from the 15th century.

Madonna dei Naviganti

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Some of the polychrome wooden carvings from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth centuries include a gigantic San Michele Arcangelo (St.Michael the Archangel) from the end of the 17th century. It was formerly displayed in the church dedicated to St. Michael a few blocks away. The 18th century “Saint Joseph with the Child” from the church of Our Lady of Carmelo  is a polychrome wooden carving from a Neapolitan workshop.

There is a lovely 18th century oil on canvas Italian painting of “The Holy Family with the Saints Joachim and Anna.”

There are also a series of mid-17th century paintings by Genoese painters of scenes from the lives of Jesus and the Virgin. The 17th century brutal Ligurian School representation of the  “Scourging of Christ”  painting below is from the Church of Our Lady of Mercy.

Scourging of Christ

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Italy Travel Guides @ www.vino-con-vista.com

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The Vino con Vista Village of Saint Paul de Vence is an Artists’ Enclave in Provence

A section of the walls around Saint-Paul de Ve...

A section of the walls around Saint-Paul de Vence, Alpes-Maritimes department, France. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

The cemetery of Saint-Paul de Vence, Alpes-Mar...

A replica of The Thinker in Saint-Paul de Venc...

A replica of The Thinker in Saint-Paul de Vence, Alpes-Maritimes department, France. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Saint-Paul-de-Vence

Saint-Paul-de-Vence (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Saint Paul, Alpes Maritimes, France

Image via Wikipedia

Saint-Paul-de-Vence

Saint-Paul-de-Vence (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Saint-Paul (Saint-Paul de Vence) Fran...

English: Saint-Paul (Saint-Paul de Vence) Français : Saint-Paul (Saint-Paul de Vence) (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Saint-Paul de Vence is a village in southeastern France. It is one of the most beautiful villages in Provence. Saint-Paul was founded in the 9th century which makes it one of the oldest medieval towns in the French Riviera.

 

Saint Paul de Vence

 

Statue: St. Paul de Vence

The exceptional light and quality of life has inspired famous artists, painters, writers and poets. There are many charming shops and art galleries selling unique items in this lovely town.

 

Saint-Paul-de-Vence, Place Général de Gaulle

Saint-Paul-de-Vence, Place Général de Gaulle (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

This is a golden Vino con Vista opportunity. Stop at one of the cafes for lunch and have some chilled Cotes de Provence Rose wine with your “Plat du Jour”. This wine region is between Nice and Aix-en-Provence. Try some Domaine Gavoty or Domaine Richeaume.

 

 

 

Marc Chagall lived in Saint-Paul from 1966 to 1985. You can visit the artist’s grave in the cemetery. Saint-Paul has always promoted art and creativity. Some of the other well known  artists who  flocked to Saint-Paul include: Matisse, Soutine,  Renoir,  MiróSignac and Modigliani. The galleries and shops are filled with artistic displays and inspired merchandise.

 

Marc Chagall's grave (top) in the cemetery of ...

Marc Chagall’s grave (top) in the cemetery of Saint-Paul de Vence, Alpes-Maritimes department, France. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

 

The  community of artists have sponsored well-known modern and contemporary art museums and galleries including Fondation Maeght, a museum dedicated to 20th century modern and contemporary art. The Foundation is situated in a garden decorated with outdoor sculptures and exhibits works of Joan Miro and Alberto Giacometti. In July 1964, the Fondation Maeght was inaugurated by André Malraux. It was the joint creation of Aimé and Marguerite Maeght. http://www.fondation-maeght.com/

 

Scrutinize the village map as you enter the town through the Vence Gate (Porte de Vence). Pay attention to the “Historic Monument” markers as you stroll within the ramparts and meander through the charming maze of streets  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1-JDtj6iHA&feature=fvsr.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The love the Provencal style Grande fountain on Rue Grande. Rue Grande is a former Roman Road. The fountain was built  by Martin Melchior, a stonemason in the village. It  is one of the most famous fountains in France and it has  inspired many painters and photographers.

 

Fountain in St. Paul de Vence

The Collegial Church of the Conversion of St. Paul was erected in the 12th century in early Gothic style and is dominated by its square bell-tower that was reconstructed in 1740. The church occupies the highest point of the village. It houses some treasures including twelfth century gold pieces, reliquaries and a scroll signed by King Henry III. It also contains the relics of St. Clement. The church was originally designed in the style of a basilica, with a semi-circular apse and a single nave. The chevet and the arched beams in the main nave date from the beginning of the 14th century.

 

Collegiale Church in St. Paul de Vence

The entrance leads to four chapels: St.  Clement (a masterpiece of baroque art), St.  Mathew, the Chapel of Mary of the Rosary and the Chapel of the Souls in Purgatory with an altar from 1677.  The church’s treasures include precious items of silverware, reliquaries and a parchment dating from 1588. In the Chapel of Saint Clement, there is a beautiful painting of St-Catherine of Alexandria in a magnificent red cloak with her sword by Tintoretto.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

This church has an extraordinary collection of paintings representing The stations of the Cross. These paintings depict the final hours (or Passion) of Jesus.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I was also impressed with the lovely light fixture that reminded me of Gaudi’s Altar of Christ ascending into Heaven in the Sagrada Familia  Cathedral in Barcelona. I wonder if this was the inspiration for the altar in Barcelona?

 

 

Some of the other sacred churches are : (1) Saint-Michel (12th century) located within the cemetery; (2) Sainte-Claire Chapel (16th century) dedicated to the patron saint of Saint-Paul, standing opposite the entrance to the village;  (3) Notre-Dame de la Gardette (also called Chapelle Saint-Georges) gets its name from a place that served as a refuge for the inhabitants during the Middle Ages; (4) The Chapel of Saint-Charles and Saint-Claude chapel (17th century);  (5) the Chapelle des Pénitents with an amazing three-sided bell-tower, dating from the 17th century is located between the Place de l’Eglise and Rue Cassette. In front of the Chapelle Saint-Charles-Saint-Claude there is a painting by Marc Chagall “Le couple au-desssus de Saint-Paul” which depicts a couple embracing above the town with a bouquet of flowers. In front of the chapel Notre-Dame de la Gardette you will find another Marc Chagall painting “La Table devant le Village” with a table set in front of the town.

 

Marc Chagall “Table in front of the Village”

Marc Chagall “Couple above St. Paul”

St. Paul watches over the entrance of his Church

Roman aqueduct can still be seen from the chapel circuit. Supported by brick and limestone arches, the aqueduct channelled water from natural springs to the mills and washhouses. Queen Jeanne, Countess of Provence, gave her permission for the community of Saint-Paul to use the water in 1349.

 

Dr. EveAnn Lovero writes Travel Guides @ www.vino-con-vista.com

 

 

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Barcelona’s Beautiful Gothic “La Seu” Cathedral is Dedicated to Saint Eulalia

Cathedral of Barcelona before 2007 restoration...

Cathedral of Barcelona before 2007 restoration Español: Catedral de Barcelona antes de la restauración de 2007 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Ita...

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Italiano: la Cattedrale di Santa Eulalia a Barcellona nella Spagna ; Español: la Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Português: A Catedral de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Català: la catedral de Barcelona , Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Ita...

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Italiano: la Cattedrale di Santa Eulalia a Barcellona nella Spagna ; Español: la Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Português: A Catedral de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Català: la catedral de Barcelona , Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Ita...

Cathedral of Santa Eulalia in Barcelona. ; Italiano: la Cattedrale di Santa Eulalia a Barcellona nella Spagna ; Español: la Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Português: A Catedral de Barcelona, Barcelona ; Català: la catedral de Barcelona , Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Cloister of Cathedral of Barcelona in...

English: Cloister of Cathedral of Barcelona in Barcelona. ; Français : Le cloître de la Cathédrale Sainte-Eulalie de Barcelone à Barcelone ; Català: el claustre de la catedral de Barcelona , Barcelona ; Español: claustro de la Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona, Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Claustro, Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona

Claustro, Catedral de Santa Eulalia de Barcelona (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Alabaster sarcophagus of Saint Eulalia of Barc...

Alabaster sarcophagus of Saint Eulalia of Barcelona in the crypt of Barcelona Cathedral (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Cathedral of Santa Eulalia

English: Cathedral of Santa Eulalia (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Crypt of Santa Eulalia in Cathedral o...

English: Crypt of Santa Eulalia in Cathedral of Santa Eulalia, Barcelona, Spain Français : Crypte de Sainte-Eulalie dans la cathédrale Sainte-Eulalie de Barcelone, Espagne (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

English: Gargoyle on Cathedral of Santa Eulali...

English: Gargoyle on Cathedral of Santa Eulalia, Barcelona, Spain Français : Gargouille sur la cathédrale Sainte-Eulalie de Barcelone, Espagne (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Barcelona Spain

The majestic Gothic Cathedral in Barcelona is located in the Plaça de la Seu, in the Barri Gotic district; the historic Gothic Quarter of Barcelona. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Barcelona Spain. The city’s gothic cathedral is known as La Seu. The first stone of the current church was laid in the 13th century, but the cathedral was not completed until the early 20th century.

La Seu was named after Barcelona’s patron saint Eulalia. The official name is Catedral de la Santa Creu i Santa Eulalia which is Catalan for Cathedral of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia.
 The commonly used name La Seu refers to the status of the church as the seat of the diocese. In 343 A.D. during the Roman Empire, a basilica was built at the site of the current cathedral. In 985 the basilica was destroyed by the Moors. It was replaced by a Roman cathedral, built between 1046 and 1058. A Roman chapel, the Capella de Santa Llucia, was added between 1257 and 1268. It was later incorporated in the cloister next to the cathedral.

In 1298, construction of the gothic cathedral started under King Jaume II, known as ‘”The Just.”  During the construction of the gothic cathedral, the existing roman building was demolished except for the Santa Llucia chapel. It was built between the 13th and 15th centuries over the crypt above the high altar of a former Visigothic chapel dedicated to Saint James. This was originally the church of the Viscounts of Barcelona. The Cathedral is located on a charming street that frequently hosts concerts and popular events.

The La Seu Cathedral at night, Barcelona

Civil wars and the Black Death delayed construction. In 1460 the main building was completed and the gothic facade was finished  in 1889. The central spire  is 230 feet tall and was completed in 1913. The design of both the facade and the spire were based on the original design from 1408 by the French architect Charles Galters.
The interior consists of one wide nave with 28 side chapels. The crypt contains the sarcophagus of Santa Eulalia. The cathedral also has a beautifully carved choir. An elevator in the northeast of the cathedral brings you to the cathedral’s roof.
La Catedral de la Santa Cruz y Santa Eulalia (...

La Catedral de la Santa Cruz y Santa Eulalia (también llamada, en lugar de catedral, Seo, o Seu en catalán) es la catedral gótica de Barcelona, sede del arzobispado de Barcelona de España. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Adjacent to the cathedral is a 14th century cloister. There are always 13 geese in its central courtyard. Each goose represents one year in the life of the martyr Santa Eulalia, a young girl tortured to death in the 4th century by the Romans for her religion. The cloister also contains a small museum with liturgist artifacts.

The distinctive roof is covered with gargoyles and features a wide range of animals. Take the elevator to the top of the cathedral for a panoramic “Vino con Vista” view of Barcelona. It is dedicated to Saint Eulalia who is entombed in the Cathedral’s crypt that contains the marble sarcophagus of the saint sculpted by Nicolas Pisano.

Barcelona Spain

She was martyred during Roman times in 304, under the reign of Emperor Diocletian when the enraged Romans put the 13 year old girl in a barrel with knifes and rolled her down the street. The street is now named “Baixada de Santa Eulalia” (Saint Eulalia’s Descent). Her Feast day is February 12th. She is the co-patron saint of Barcelona with Saint George. She is also the patron saint of sailors. There 28 magnificent side chapels are brimming with treasures. Look up at the ceiling to admire the interesting vault keystones.  The church is loaded with interesting art and artifacts.

Church of Santa Maria del Pei

Barcelona SpainSaint EulaliaGothic Cathedral in Barcelona Spain

Saint Eulalia Cathedral

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

Barcelona Spain

The choir stalls retain the coat-of-arms of the Knights of the Golden Fleece held in 1519. The head of a Turk who was decapitated in the Batilla de Lepanto hangs from the monumental organ.

There is an interesting copy of the Black Virgin of Montserrat in one of the side chapels. When you finish touring the Cathedral have a Vino con Vista in a nearby cafe.

Dr. EveAnn Lovero is a college professor and writes Travel Guides @ www.vino-con-vista.com.

Vino Con Vista Travel Guides can be purchased at these sites
 

Santa Eulalia Cathedral in Barcelona

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