The Incredible World Heritage UNESCO City of Split Croatia

The incredible city of Split Croatia is constructed around the ancient Roman Palace of Emperor Diocletian. Emperor Diocletian can be considered the founder of Split. He started his lavish villa near the great city of Salona in 293 AD, only to retire from the Roman throne within its walls after building it for ten years. Salona was the provincial capital in Roman times when it was a city of 60,000 people. Split is one of Croatia’s oldest cities with a lovely palm tree adorned promenade. Croatia is a member of the European Union.

Image result for diocletian's palace map

It is a UNESCO  World Heritage Cultural Site. Split is a city built around the palace of the Roman Emperor Diocletian, one of the best preserved and most impressive monuments of the Roman era in Europe. The Diocletian Palace and the historic city core were inscribed on the UNESCO’s World Heritage Cultural List since 1979. Game of Thrones has made Croatia a major tourist destination.

Check out this website for a list of important sites: https://www.timeout.com/croatia/things-to-do/things-to-do-in-split

 

PoložajSplit lies on the Adriatic coast in central Dalmatia, on the Split (Marjan) peninsula. It is surrounded by the sea but Split also borders surrounding mountains; Mosor on the northeast, Kozjak on the northwest. Marjan Hill is one of the most important symbols of the city; rising on the west side of the peninsula in the immediate vicinity of the old city center.  Split is also surrounded by four islands: Brač, Hvar, Šolta and Čiovo.

The UNESCO Complex of Split with the Palace of Diocletian:

“The ruins of Diocletian’s Palace, built between the late 3rd and the early 4th centuries A.D., can be found throughout the city. The cathedral was built in the Middle Ages, reusing materials from the ancient mausoleum. 12th and 13th-century Romanesque churches, medieval fortifications, 15th-century Gothic palaces and other palaces in Renaissance and Baroque style make up the rest of the protected area.” UNESCO

Image result for diocletian's palace split croatia

I started my visit to Split at the scale model of the historic core on Riva; this panel shows the reconstructed Diocletian Palace. Stroll along the Riva towards the west, along the numerous cafes and shops.

Image result for Split scale model of the historic core on Riva;

You can enjoy a magnificent Vino con Vista by tasting some local wines over the gorgeous bay that opens onto the Adriatic Sea. There are four main Croatian wine regions: Uplands, Slavonia/Danube, Istria/Kvarner and the Dalmatia coastal region. In Split, sample some varieties from the Peljesac Peninsula wine region in Dalmatia; one of the most revered Croatian wine regions on the Adriatic coast of Croatia. One of the most well-known grapes in Dalmatia’s Plejesac region is the Plavac Mali, which produces a deep red wine from the Postup and Dingač appellations.

Image result for Peljesac Peninsula in Dalmatia, Croatian wine regions.

Image result for Peljesac Peninsula in Dalmatia, Croatian wine regions.

Image result for Peljesac Peninsula in Dalmatia, Croatian wine regions.

Image result for Peljesac Peninsula in Dalmatia, Croatian wine regions.

Have a seat at one of the charming cafes on the Riva and order some Croatian wine. I like Diocletian’s Gourmet Story on the Riva because they have an extensive collection of Croatian Wine. I also like the NoStress Bistro.

Riva

On The Riva, you will see the south facade of the Diocletian Palace. This is the entrance into the Substructures.

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The seafront promenade called the Riva is the location of Sudamja, a celebration of the Feast Day of St. Domnius, the patron saint of Split. The centuries-old tradition of St. Domnius’ feast is celebrated traditionally on May 7th. It is devoted to the bishop of Salona, who lived at the time of the Emperor Diocletian when he was executed.  Sudamja, begins early in the morning as a folk festival. There is a church  program and a procession with the relics of St. Domnius, which goes from the St. Domnius’ Cathedral, across the waterfront, and to the altar on Dr. Franjo Tuđman Square, where the Mass is held. The festival includes many events: a brass band concert, singing groups, the sale of traditional souvenirs, delicacies and various Croatian products.

Image result for Sudamja, a celebration dedicated to St. Domnius, the patron saint of Split.

Image result for Sudamja, a celebration dedicated to St. Domnius, the patron saint of Split.

I went to Split in August and the weather was perfect!

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Archaeological evidence reveals Split’s Greek origins in the 6th century BC. It is built around the 4th century palace erected for Roman Emperor Diocletian as a retirement haven. Enter the palace and walk through the well-preserved cellars.

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Take a walking tour of the entire complex.

Image result for The Peristyle in Split

The Peristyle is the central square of the Palace. The Peristyle area has incredible acoustics and became the ideal venue for theater and opera performances.

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There is also an oculus and a sphinx.

The Peristyle is guarded by a 3500 old perfectly preserved Egyptian sphinx. Image result for oculus diocletian's palace in split croatia

Diocletian’s Palace is one of the best preserved monuments of Roman architecture in the world. The Emperor’s Palace was built as a combination of a luxury villa, summer house and a Roman military camp (castrum). It is divided into four parts with two main streets. The southern part of the Palace was intended for the Emperor’s apartment and appropriate governmental and religious ceremonies. The northern section was for the Imperial guard: the military, servants and storage.

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The Palace is a rectangular building with four large towers at the corners with doors on each of the four sides and four small towers on the walls.

Diocletian's Palace (original appearance).jpg

Image result for Grgur Ninski next to the Golden Gate diocletian's palace

I love the statue of Grgur Ninski next to the Golden Gateby by Meštrović; Croatia’s greatest sculptor.

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