The majestic Gothic Cathedral in Barcelona is located in the Plaça de la Seu, in the Barri Gotic district; the historic Gothic Quarter of Barcelona. It is the seat of the Archbishop of Barcelona Spain. The city’s gothic cathedral is known as La Seu. The first stone of the current church was laid in the 13th century, but the cathedral was not completed until the early 20th century.
In 1298, construction of the gothic cathedral started under King Jaume II, known as ‘”The Just.” During the construction of the gothic cathedral, the existing roman building was demolished except for the Santa Llucia chapel. It was built between the 13th and 15th centuries over the crypt above the high altar of a former Visigothic chapel dedicated to Saint James. This was originally the church of the Viscounts of Barcelona. The Cathedral is located on a charming street that frequently hosts concerts and popular events.
Adjacent to the cathedral is a 14th century cloister. There are always 13 geese in its central courtyard. Each goose represents one year in the life of the martyr Santa Eulalia, a young girl tortured to death in the 4th century by the Romans for her religion. The cloister also contains a small museum with liturgist artifacts.
She was martyred during Roman times in 304, under the reign of Emperor Diocletian when the enraged Romans put the 13 year old girl in a barrel with knifes and rolled her down the street. The street is now named “Baixada de Santa Eulalia” (Saint Eulalia’s Descent). Her Feast day is February 12th. She is the co-patron saint of Barcelona with Saint George. She is also the patron saint of sailors. There 28 magnificent side chapels are brimming with treasures. Look up at the ceiling to admire the interesting vault keystones. The church is loaded with interesting art and artifacts.
There is an interesting copy of the Black Virgin of Montserrat in one of the side chapels. When you finish touring the Cathedral have a Vino con Vista in a nearby cafe.
Dr. EveAnn Lovero is a college professor and writes Travel Guides @ www.vino-con-vista.com.
- The world’s 10 most beautiful churches (msnbc.msn.com)